English Review - English Review Part I: The Authors and...

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English Review Part I: The Author’s and their works 1. 17 th and 18 th Century a. John Smith explorer i. Description of New England 1. Subject: Settlement of the New World 2. Nonimaginative Rhetorical 3. Means logic, emotion and tradition a. Logic: advantages of coming to New World own land to pass on to posterity, spread Christianity and civilization 4. Purpose to persuade and to colonize New World 5. Audience English poor landless 6. Occasion Colonial Period 7. Speaker qualifications 8. 9. Mood: Patriotism (to benefit England) 10. Emotion tone: optimistic 11. Style = list of rhetorical questions 12. Significance: American Dream motif b. William Bradford puritan i. Of Plymouth Plantation 1. Subject: settlement of Plymouth 2. Themes: “growing secularism” and “loss of faithfulness” 3. Genre = History rhetorical a. Means: cites examples of Providence Puritan helped by God & Punishes Puritans’ enemies b. Purpose: to persuade ppl to believe that puritans = elect c. Audience: Posterity i. Mood: Thankful to God/gratitude to God ii. Tone: humility 4. plain style c. Mary Rowlandson puritan i. Captivity of Mary Rowlandson 1. genre: captivity narrative 2. Purpose: to persuade audience to believe in the goodness of God 3. Tone: thankfulness 4. Significance: illustrates puritan beliefs a. Providence God provides for the elect and uses these hardships to teach a lesson b. Total Depravity of Man Tone: humility
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d. Edward Taylor puritan i. “Upon a Base” 1. Imagery based on… a. Woodworking b. Ironworking c. Architecture d. Textiles e. sport 2. Subject: structure: questions about creation 3. Tone: admiration for skill/difficulty, high quality, beauty 4. Contrast: Everyday activities compared to lofty subject a. Puritan belief that all aspects of life has religious significance 5. Juxtaposition of serious subject and playful image = a. Conceit (unexpected or extended metaphor) i. influence by 17 th century metaphysicals b. e. William Byrd planter-aristocrat i. The History of the Dividing Line 1. Subject: speaker criticizes North Carolinians/ backwoodsmen 2. Style: ornate style, elevated diction 3. Effect: ornate style + vulgar subject = humorous mood/ ironic tone f. Anne Bradstreet puritan i. “Upon the Burning of Our House” 1. Form: iambic tetrameter couplets; inverted syntax only to make rhyme work 2. Subject: speaker describes burning of house 3. Tone: Changes a. Fear calls on God for help b. Submission to God’s will i. Theme: everything belongs to God c. Gratitude of his mercy diction: sufficient (line 20) d. Self reproach for materialism e. Contentment w/ spiritual wealth g. Jonathan Edwards puritan i. “Sinners at the Hands of an Angry God” 1. Genre: Sermon 2. Rhetorical a. Purpose: to persuade audience to have a “change of Heart” (conversion experience) i. so they can be saved
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b. Occasion: Great Awakening; Judgment Day
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English Review - English Review Part I: The Authors and...

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