Religions Midterm Review

Religions Midterm Review - MIDTERM 1 NOTES Strategy for...

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MIDTERM 1 NOTES Strategy for Long Passage Answers: What tradition What text the passage is from One sentence the context Importance of passage Trimurti - “great trinity” composed of Brahma (the creator), Visnu (the maintainter/preserver), and Siva (the destroyer/transformer). Also Birth/Earth, Life/Water, Death/Fire. Depicted left to right below: Stories of Indra - Ahalya's curse Indra duped Ahalya , the wife of Gautama Maharishi , into letting him have sex with her. He was punished by Gautama with a curse that one thousand vaginas would cover his body in a grotesque and vulgar display, and that his reign as king of the gods would meet with disaster and catastrophe. Gautama later commuted the curse, upon the pleading of Brahma , to one thousand eyes instead. Due to this sin Indra's throne is supposed to remain insecure forever. He is repeatedly humiliated by demonic kings like Ravana of Lanka, whose son Indrajit (whose name means victor over Indra) bound Indra in serpent nooses and dragged him across Lanka in a humiliating display. Indrajit released Indra when Brahma convinced him to do so in exchange for celestial weapons, but Indra, as the defeated, had to pay tribute and accept Ravana's supremacy. Indra realized the consequences of his sin, and was later avenged by the Avatara of Vishnu, Rama , who slew Ravana to deliver the three worlds from evil, as described in the epic Ramayana . However, according to the tradition of the temple of Suchindrum , near Nagercoil , in Southern Tamil Nadu , Indra was promised relief from the curse, if he could manage to worship the Divine Trinity of Hinduism, Brahma , Vishnu and Shiva simultaneously. This he succeeded in doing at Suchindrum, where the presiding deity is Sthanumalayan, a
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combined form of Shiva (Sthanu), Vishnu (Mal) and Brahma (Ayan), and was accordingly granted relief. Tradition maintains that he continues to worship each night at the temple, on account of which the priests of the temple, on appointment, are made to take a vow in Tamil "Aham ka dathai puram çolla mattān" , meaning "I will never reveal anything I see within". Further, part of their duty is to clean the sanctum sanctorum of the temple and leave it ready for all rituals at night before closing the temple and clean it again, when they re-open it in the morning. Indra and the Ants In this story from the Brahmavaivarta Purana , Indra defeats Vritra and releases the waters. Elevated to the rank of King of the gods, Indra orders the heavenly craftsman, Vishvakarma, to build him a grand palace. Full of pride, Indra continues to demand more and more improvements for the palace. At last, exhausted, Vishvakarma asks Brahma the Creator for help. Brahma in turn appeals to Vishnu , the Supreme Being. Vishnu visits Indra's palace in the form of a brahmin boy; Indra welcomes him in. Vishnu praises Indra's palace,
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2009 for the course ANS 301R taught by Professor Brereton during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas.

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Religions Midterm Review - MIDTERM 1 NOTES Strategy for...

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