ASAM20--lec2--fix - Week 2: lecture and guest speaker Chris...

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Week 2: lecture and guest speaker Chris Millado, Is America in the Heart Play and Week 3: Tuesday lecture continued lecture 2: The International Context of Asian Immigration(Taken from Chapter 1 Suchen Chang, Elaine Kim, and Michael Omi and Ron Takaki Chinese 1840- 1882 Japanese 1884- 1907/1924 Korean to 1903-1905/1907 Filipino to 1890's-1934 Asian Indians to 1900's-1917 The circumstances that lead to emigration are dynamic. In the case of Asian Immigration to the United States, there are five major groups and the circumstances were different for each group. The major period of Asian immigration was from 1848 to 1924, the year of the Asian Exclusion Act. One million Asians immigrated during this time , compared to 35 million Europeans. 370,000 Chinese between 1840's-early 1880's 400,000 Japanese (1880's-1910) 7,000 Koreans 7,000 Asian Indian 180,000 Filipinos TOTAL 964,000 immigrants All of this immigration was part of a bigger phenomenon: with the development of industrial capitalism, also called European expansionism, there was great movement of people all over the globe. European emigration was spurred by the displacement of rural people by the Industrial Revolution. European emigrants generally moved to temperate areas(North America, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand) or to colonies in Africa, Latin and North America, Asia. The colonial/industrial powers were also competing in the acquisition of colonies, which were then converted into mono crop economies(tobacco, sugar, etc.) Laborers were moved from one region of the globe to another, and once the African slave trade was stopped. the colonials powers moved other peoples. Britain would move people from India or China to work in Southern Africa or the Caribbean. THEORITICAL APPROACHES TO IMMIGRATION 1. PUSH PULL THEORIES OF MIGRATION 2. WORLD SYSTEMS APPROACH which incorporates the effects of European merchant capitalism, colonialism and neocolonialism. 1, Merchant Capitalism which is the accumulation of capital through trade and plundering the local peripheral states, which dominated the first period of capitalist expansion that began in the 16th century and continued to the late 18th century where the trade profited European business. One of the most profitable business of course was the slave trade where the British mainly exchange cheap and inferior weapons and clothes to local chiefs for slaves bound for work in the Caribbean and America. Merchant capitalism was destructive to the periphery in that it weakened the local trade that was going on in the area by becoming a wedge among empires that were trading with each other. Even more, merchant capitalism gave birth to the economic weakness and dependency of the periphery through the introduction of western currency systems in Africa and Asia which undermined the confidence in local currency which was later eliminated under colonialism. Thirdly, it made them dependent on exporting their crops and labor for European manufactured goods. This whole era ushered the second stage of this dependency which is
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2009 for the course ASAM 34396 001 taught by Professor Parayno during the Spring '06 term at City College of San Francisco.

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ASAM20--lec2--fix - Week 2: lecture and guest speaker Chris...

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