Differing Circumstances of immigration
The last lecture focused on the very different circumstance surrounding the immigration to the US of different Asian groups.
We will continue today to discuss Asian Indian immigration. Prior to that discussion lets pay attention to look at these
differing circumstances surrounding immigration. Specifically, five areas will be the focus to outline these differences.
1. The relationship of the home country to Western expansionism (China and Britain and the Opium wars, Japan and
Commodore Perry and the Meiji restoration, etc.
2. The existing traditions or legacy of migration (in China especially in Guangdong province, in Japan with the Dekasegin
tradition in the SW provinces, in the Philippines with the Ilocos region
3. The internal context of the homeland(the Opium wars, the Taiping Rebellion and the Red Turban Revolt in China, the
Meiji Restoration of Japan, in Korea, the annexation of Korea by Japan.
4. The US demand for labor at the time(sometimes a greater demand in Hawaii, sometimes in California and the west coast.
5. Mechanisms for immigration (Japan: the Irwin convention, for Korea: Horace Allen and other missionaries; for the
Philippines, the HSPA.
PUSH FACTORS AND PULL FACTORS
Immigration is influenced by two kinds of factors, those leading to an exodus from the homeland and those enticing people
to come to a particular place. (For example, why did Filipinos come to the US, or why are certain kinds and classes of people
from Korea coming to the US right now?) The worldwide disruption of communities and countries that happened as a result
of Western imperialism was directly related to the industrial revolution in the Western countries that then drew people
especially to the US for the work opportunities. The push and pull factors of Asian immigration to the US are in a dialectical
relationship to each, the roots of both intertwined in Western expansionism> "WE ARE HERE BECAUSE YOU WERE
SIKH(Asian Indian Immigration)
Britain began plundering Indian in the 18th century. In traditional colonizing fashion, Britain took India's precious metals
and raw material and flooded India with British manufactured goods, displacing Indian manufacturing. As in other colonial
relationships, India's underdevelopment began with the British conquest--before that England and India were not so different
economically. The "development" that Indian underwent while under British rule was for Britain and not for India.( A
similar example is Korea under Japanese rule, the argument is often given that it was good for Korea, for Japan built
railroads. The railroads did not link Korean villages, though; they were solely to get Korean raw materials to port, and didn't
help Korean development.
Most Asian Indian immigrants to North America were from the Punjab Sikh region of NW India. This area was annexed by