ASAM20--Lec6--fix - Lecture 6 Japanese Women(continued) One...

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Lecture 6 Japanese Women(continued) One of the options for a woman who got into a bad picture marriage, was to run away, and there are different reports and announcements form the newspapers of the time, saying someone's wife had run away with another man and he was looking for them, etc. But this was not an easy option. A runaway woman would have to remain relatively isolated from the Japanese community, and it people learned that she had run away, she'd be ostracized. In the West Coast's anti-Asian context, the Japanese community was the only haven people had, and to be ostracized form that would be extremely difficult. The reports in the papers, besides being a way to sell papers, were another form of social control; the papers were completely against running away, and said so. Was it possible for a woman to leave her husband? Yes, possible, but very difficult. Societal norms were very opposed to it. In Japan, both sees of parents would be opposed to a woman leaving her husband. . She counted on her husband for her livelihood, and there were not many opportunities for a woman to make a living. Plus, it would be considered a great stigma. She would have a very difficult time remarrying. THE CONTAINMENT PERIOD, 1924-40 The influx of women into the US Japanese community transformed it, from a sojourner to a settler society. The men could now consider moving out of wage labor(construction, harvesting) into family-owned farms and businesses. Farming was a respected occupation in Japan and many Japanese in the US went into truck farming, using intensive farming methods to produce an enormous amount of produce. Having little money and being discriminated against in buying land, Japanese often bought land that had been logged or mined, and put a lot of work into land reclamation and making it produce. They generally had small, under 40-acre plots, and sometimes had scattered plots. By 1940, about 1/2 of the Japanese and Japanese Americans were into farming. Though they only owned about 1% of the farmland, they controlled about 43% of the specialty produce market($37 million of produce). They organized produce associations by the type of produce grown, and strove to give each other better and faster service. they also developed VERTICAL CONTROL of their businesses; one family or several families that worked together would control the process from planting and harvesting to selling the produce to the consumer, thus helping one another and avoiding exploitative middlemen. WOMEN'S DOUBLE DAY Farming women usually worked in the field with their husband and children, as well as doing all of he arduous domestic labor for the family; hand washing, ironing, cooking over a fire or wood stove, making clothes, candles, soap, etc., and also, if there were hired laborers, cooking over a fire or wood stove, making clothes, candle, soap, etc, and also, it there were hired laborers , cooking for them as well. Many nisei women tell stories of their own mothers working from 5 a,m. until past midnight. Japanese men
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ASAM20--Lec6--fix - Lecture 6 Japanese Women(continued) One...

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