ASAM20--lec8--fix - Lecture 8 As I've said there were three...

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Lecture 8 As I've said there were three to four major waves of Filipino immigration depending on which scholar you consult. beginning with the immigrants who came at the turn of this century. Actually, there were Filipinos in the United States as early as 1565 who jumped ship from the "Manila Galleons' between China and Mexico. there are accounts from galleon logs of Filipinos jumping ship as soon as they saw California and Mexico. In 1595, the galleon of San Augustine wrecked off the coast of Marin, and Filipinos were in this area. The painstaking research by Marina Espina, a librarian form the University of New Orleans, gathered from old documents, historic landmarks and oral interviews reveal that Filipinos were the earliest Asians to come to the United States during the Galleon trade from 1565-1815. These Manila men were forced to work on the Spanish ships as woodcutters, shipbuilders, crewmen and munitions workers and jumped ship because of the brutal treatment from their Spanish masters and escaped into the nearby marshes and bayous of Louisiana where they build villages with houses on stilts and developed fishing enterprises like shrimp drying. Some also settled in the New World in Mexico near Acapulco where they intermarried with then native population By 1763, there were Filipino communities in the Louisiana bayous. Filipinos in Louisiana founded the historic sites like St. Malo near New Orleans, Manila Village on a fifty acre marshland in the Mississippi Delta by the Gulf of Mexico. St Malo was the oldest Filipino settlement comprised of about 100 Filipino men. Women were not allowed to St. Malo on the grounds that they would cause trouble for the men. Most of the men engaged in fishing and their social life was marked by gambling and cockfighting. Manila village was the largest of these settlements and had about 300-400 residents and where families were allowed to reside. Sun drying of shrimp was the primary economy of the village. The second period of immigrants were the Pensionadzos(1903-1910) and farm laborers(1906-1935) often called the Manongs which in Ilocano means older brother These two groups comprised the more than 125,000 Filipinos that came to the United States and Hawaii. The pensionados were a very small group around 100-300 who were hand picked by the US government to study at US Universities(UC Berkeley) to head the civilian government back home with American values and a very pro-American outlook. They were to study to reflect American political and economic interests and were from Philippine elite. These students that attended the East Coast University provided the Americans the image of the well mannered, well groomed very cosmopolitan and very western and knowledgeable of American culture. There were also "schoolboys" or the "fountain pen boys" who came to work to support their education in the US in an attempt that their education will also land them a good job in the colonial government back home. There
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2009 for the course ASAM 34396 001 taught by Professor Parayno during the Spring '06 term at City College of San Francisco.

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ASAM20--lec8--fix - Lecture 8 As I've said there were three...

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