HDFS 102 CH 3 NOTES

HDFS 102 CH 3 NOTES - Psychosocial Theory What Is a Theory?...

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1 Chapter 3: Psychosocial Theory Psychosocial Theory • What Is a Theory? – A logical system of concepts that helps explain observations and contributes to the development of a body of knowledge – Three questions to ask • Which phenomena is the theory trying to explain? • What assumptions does the theory make? • What does the theory predict? Psychosocial Theory • Theories of Human Development Should Provide Explanations to Four Questions: – What are the mechanisms that account for growth from conception through old age, and to what extent do these mechanisms vary across the life span? – What factors underlie stability and change across the life span? Psychosocial Theory • Theories of Human Development Should Provide Explanations to Four Questions (cont.) – How do physical, cognitive, emotional, and social functions interact? How do these interactions account for mixtures of thoughts, feelings, health states, and social relationships? – How does the social context affect individual development?
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2 Psychosocial Theory • Rationale for Emphasizing Psychosocial Theory – Addresses growth across the life span, identifying and differentiating central issues from infancy to old age – Assumes that individuals have the capacity to contribute to their own psychological development – Takes into consideration the active contribution of culture to individual growth Psychosocial Theory • Basic Concepts of Psychosocial Theory: –“ Psycho ” = individual –“ Social ” = societal influences – Human development is a product of the
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HDFS 102 CH 3 NOTES - Psychosocial Theory What Is a Theory?...

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