Chapter 9l

Chapter 9l - CHPTR 9 notes MENTAL REPRESENTATIONS: our...

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CHPTR 9 notes MENTAL REPRESENTATIONS: o ur ability to create a variety of forms, including images, ideas, concepts, and principles. LANGUAGE -brain probably gained form 50,000 years ago -human thought and behaviour likely depend on more than the physical structure of the brain. LANGUAGE: Consists of a system of symbols and rules for combining these symbols in ways that can produce an almost infinite number of messages or meanings. -There are three critical properties that are essential to any language. 1. Language is symbolic meaning it uses sounds, written signs, or gestures to refer to objects, events, ideas, and feelings. Language allows communicators to form and then transfer mental representations to the mind of another person. 2. Language has structure, with rules that govern how these symbols may be combined to create meaningful communication units. 3. Generative, meaning its symbols can be combined to form an almost infinite number of messages that have novel meaning. DISPLACEMENT: The fact that past, future, and imaginary events and objects that are not physically present can be symbolically represented and communicated through the medium of language. Language thus helps free us from being restricted to the present. SURFACE STRUCTURE: Consists of the way symbols are combined within a given language. SYNTAX: These are the rules for these SURFACE STRUCTURE combinations. Such as the rules of grammar. DEEP STRUCTURE: refers to the underlying meaning of the combined symbols. SEMANTICS: The rules for connecting the symbols to what they represent.
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PHONEMES: The smallest units of sound that are recognized as separate in a given language. English uses about 46 of these. MORPHEMES: the smallest units of meaning in a language. Hat, sick and tel are morphemes -Between 1 and about three months of age infants vocalize the entire range of phenomes found in world languages. This is called cooing because of the coo-like sounds they make when happy. -at about six months infants begin to make sounds related to native tongue
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2009 for the course MIT 027 taught by Professor Farber during the Spring '08 term at UWO.

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Chapter 9l - CHPTR 9 notes MENTAL REPRESENTATIONS: our...

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