developmental psych notes 2

developmental psych notes 2 - Developmental Psychology 2...

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Developmental Psychology 2 10/14/08 Why does Piaget think preschoolers are so smart yet so dumb? Piaget's “pre-operational” period (2-6 years) stages of competence: preschool- kids are more proficient at using symbols as language around age 6 or 7, they can understand abstract concepts a little more, more logical conclustions are used to solve problems Is he right? Preschool child becomes more and more proficient at using symbols (words, gestures, toys, pretend play) (as opposed to the “grab, shake, mouth” way of seeing) when child sticks things in their mouth (babies), it's their way of seeing and understanding things but child lacks “organized mental operations” “operations” for Piaget are logical processes that can be reversed Preschool has 3 main limitations in thinking: 1) Centration (ie: conversation example) can only focus on one dimension or perspective ie: can keep in mind height or width ie: Where does the sun go at night? (They say, It sleeps) can't take both into account at the same time life can would seem like only present with no cohesive relation to past or present, inability to reason reasons things with how things look on the outside w/o underlying logic they think things only happen for one reason (memory allows us to connect the past, present, and future) 2) Egocentrism: Believe that everyone sees the world as they see it (ie: everyone in cars on the freeway is going to the zoo) Piaget's “3 mountain” experiment had kids of many ages see a picture of a mountain with a doll looking at it from one side and a person looking at it from the opposite side, ask them whether or not the doll and person see the same view of the mountain 4 and 5 year olds typically respond by giving their own perspective 6 year olds appear to show some awareness of “dolls” point of view not only until 9 years old did children understand the “dolls” perspective Egocentrism study: Borke (1973) refined the 3 mountain study 3 year olds are not as “egocentric” if stimulus and response are simplified took a familiar object like a fire truck or a farm set up on a turntable had “grover” move around the display then asked children to show, by turning the turntable, what Grover saw the same children who were unable to solve the mountain experiment were able to understand this experiment 3 year olds- 79% correct 4 year olds- 93% correct Piaget's traditional mountain scene 3 year olds- 42% correct 4 year olds- 67% correct
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the differences in results familiarity with the situation makes it difference the children were able to understand the second experiment because they were familiar with the objects being used 3) Appearance- reality confusion: things are the way they appear on the outside dog with cat mask experiment 3 year old can't do it by 4 year olds kids can start to figure it out
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2009 for the course PSYC 336L taught by Professor Lindsey during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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developmental psych notes 2 - Developmental Psychology 2...

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