Social Psych notes

Social Psych notes - Birth and Infancy of Social Psychology...

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8/28/08 Birth and Infancy of Social Psychology: 1880s-1920s 1897- Norman Triplett I. Founders of Social Psychology: William McDougall- (1871-1938) work is largely based on assumption that social behavior is based on instincts largely influenced by Darwin's evolution theories Edward A. Ross (1866-1951) 1908- published social psychology work is more sociology, studies social behavior more Floyd Henry Allport (1924-1978) researches basic processes of social behavior ex: ability to recognize certain behavior, social conformity, impact of audience on task performance 1930s- organized a Society of Social Issues conducted government funded research on social morale wasn't until 1920s when Social Psychology became a widely used practice II. A Call to Action: 1930s- 1950s Researchers came to United States to escape war in 1930s Muzafer Sherif (1906-1988)- groundbreaking experimental research conducted the Robbers Cave study on social influence (1936) used a small light in a dark room, made different people go in and stare at light, when they came out he asked them if the light moved, people had different answers; then put them in a room with other people and all people agreed that it moved studied had behavior is structured around social environment, or sensation of perception demonstrated how people usually conform another experiment: collected little boys and brought them to camp, divided them into two groups, first group called the Rattlers, second group called the Eagles; put two groups against each other in competitive competition; as a result, relationship between two groups were hostile; later, tried bringing groups together without competition by establishing task where both groups would need to cooperate in order to succeed, which eventually eased tension. Kurt Lewin research and theoretical contributions--> B=f (P,E) part of group that studied Vistalt Psychology in Germany studied the nature of motivational work and working with others-->he was one of the originators of Organizational Psychology studied aspects of personality and whether they changed → ie: self-esteem, confidence, happiness discovered that personality structures around environment and situation, and varies from individual to individual World War II Era instigated much funding on psychological studies ie: How was Hitler able to influence so many people? Research studies of prejudice, aggression, obedience, conformity, genocide, patriotism, and propaganda
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other huge cultural changes that stimulated research woman first told they must work during WW2 (not considered unfeminine) but after war was over, women were told they needed to return home school classes became larger and more diverse college growth providing a lot more jobs baby boomers questions that arose from governments to social psychology: How to hire from such massive growth?
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Social Psych notes - Birth and Infancy of Social Psychology...

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