SOC 131 EXAM STUDY GUIDE US06

SOC 131 EXAM STUDY GUIDE US06 - SOCIOLOGY 131 EXAM 1 REVIEW...

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SOCIOLOGY 131 EXAM 1 REVIEW DAY 1 LECTURE ∙ BASIC PREMISE- ALL HUMAN BEHAVIOR TAKES PLACE IN A SOCIAL CONTEXT. (TIME) ∙ SOCIOLOGY IS BASED ON RESEARCH OBSERVATION AND SYSTEMATIC THEORY. ∙ SOCIOLOGY IS NOT CONCERNED WITH AN INDIVIDUAL. RATHER IT IS INTERSTED IN HOW ARRANGEMENT AND DESIGN IN SOCIETY CREATES TRENDS, NORMS, AND BEHAVIORS. - SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS ARE DEFINED AS MACRO (BIG PICTURE) ASPECTS OF SOCIETY THAT EXIST, HOWEVER DIFFERENTLEY, IN ALL SOCIETIES TO MEET BROAD SOCIETAL GOALS. (ECONOMY, EDUCATION, GOVERNMENT, ETC) - SOCIAL NORMS ARE DEFINED AS COMMON BEHAVIORS AND BELIEFS. THEY ARE THE ESTABLISHED STANDARDS OF BEHAVIOR REGULATED BY SOCIETY. - LIFE CHANCES ARE DEFINED AS PEOPLES OPPURTUNITIES TO PROVIDE THEMSELVES WITH BASIC NEEDS, MATERIAL GOODS, LIVING CONDITIONS AND LIFE EXPERIENCES. THE STRUCTURE AND AGENCY CONTINUUM: AGENCY- PEOPLES ABILITY TO MAKE CHOICES. STRUCTURE- STANDARDS SET BY INSTITUTIONS THAT MAKE IT DIFFICULT FOR EVERYONE AS A WHOLE SOCIETY TO ACHIEVE. (THE POOR CANNOT ACHIEVE OR MEET THE STANDARDS OF THE INSTITUTION OR STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATIONS.) SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION (BOOK) AUTHOR: C. WRIGHT MILLS PUBLISHED: LATE 1950’S SUMMARY: ABILITY TO SEE THE RELATIONSHIP AMONGST PERSONAL TROUBLES AND PUBLIC ISSUES AND SOCIAL FORCES. IT IS IMPORTANT TO SEE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIETY AND THE INDIVIDUAL’S RECIPRICOL.
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CHAPTER 1: SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACH TO SOCIAL PROBLEMS. SOCIAL PROBLEMS- SOCIETAL INDUCED CONDITIONS THAT HARM ANY SEGMENT OF THE POPULATION AND ACTS AS THE CONDITIONS THAT VIOLATE THE NORMS AND VALUES FOUND IN SOCIETY. 1- THEY ARE A RESULT OF SOCIAL ARRANGEMENTS IN SOCIETY 2- CALLS FOR INSTITUTION TO CHANGE OR REACT TO A PARTICULAR PROBLEM. (ACTION) SUBJECTIVE SOC. PROBLEMS: WHAT IS AND WHAT IS NOT A SOCIAL PROBLEM IS A MATTER OF DEFINITION. SOCIAL PROBLEMS EXIST IN A TIME AND PLACE. OBJECTIVE SOC. PROBLEMS: THERE ARE SOCIETAL CONDITIONS THAT HARM CERTAIN SEGMENTS OF THE POPULATION. (INHERITANTLEY WRONG, SUCH AS SLAVERY) “A PROBLEM IS SOMETHING THAT FALLS SHORT OF SOME STANDARD” DETERMINING IF SOMETHING IS A SOCIAL PROBLEM: 1.) DO NOT LOOK AT MAINSTREAM OPINION (POLITICAL LEADERS, MASS MEDIA, ETC.) 2.) DO NOT ADOPT “IF YOUR NOT WITH US YOUR AGAINST US” CHAPTER 19: SOLVING SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN ORDER TO SOLVE SOCIAL PROBLEMS: 1.) KNOW THE FACTS AND ALL DATA FOR YOURSELF AND THE OPPOSING VIEW. (DO NOT IGNORE COMPLEXITY OF ISSUES AND SOLUTIONS. 2.) UNDERSTAND WHAT PRINCIPLES GUIDE SOCIAL INSTUTUITIONS
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course SOC 131 taught by Professor Kathy during the Summer '06 term at Michigan State University.

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SOC 131 EXAM STUDY GUIDE US06 - SOCIOLOGY 131 EXAM 1 REVIEW...

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