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Unformatted text preview: Virtue Ethics Lecture 6 Summer School PHIL 102 1 Key Ideas Consequences and following duties or moral rules are not all that matter The rightness and wrongness of actions is related to virtues or moral character Not just focused on right action but also: a. what kind of person to be ( a virtuous person ) b. how one should live ( a good life ) 2 Aristotle (384-322 BC) Focus: What is ultimately good for human beings The connection between what is ultimately good and the psychology of human beings Idea: Our daily lives can be improved through a better understanding of human well-being 3 Aristotles Ethics: Overview Q: What is the ultimate good for human beings? A: eudaimonia happiness Fourishing well-being a good life A genuinely happy, Fourishing life: a good human life 4 Aristotles Ethics: Overview Eudaimonia is something: achieved (in the long term) we all want and we all aim at in our actions Q 1: What counts as (or constitues) such a life? Q 2: How do we achieve it? By acquiring and practicing virtues ( ar ! te ; also translated as excellence) Act from virtues using our own judgment (which can be improved given experience and time) 5 Three Questions... 1. What exactly counts as (or constitutes) Aristotles idea of the good life ( eudaimonia )? 2. What is the relationship between the good life and the virtues? 3. What is virtue ? 6 What is eudaimonia ? Aristotle: the good life is not (simply) a life of: Pleasure a life Ft only for cattle Making money money is just a means, not an end in itself Honour can be taken away and depends on others Virtue yes, but must be active ... 7 What is the good life (eudaimonia)? Q: How does Aristotle arrive at this deFnition? unction ( ergon; characteristic activity) argument Living a life of rational activity in accordance with virtue 8 Function argument: (pt.1) 1. To perform a social role is to perform a characteristic activity ( ergon ) the characteristic activity of ute-players is to play utes the characteristic activity of sculptors is to sculpt 2. The good for a ute player (or sculptor etc) depends on 2....
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2009 for the course PHIL PHIL 102 taught by Professor -- during the Spring '09 term at Auckland.
- Spring '09