SW 491 Exam 4 Review

SW 491 Exam 4 Review - Sheet1 Page 1 unit 4 lesson 1...

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Unformatted text preview: Sheet1 Page 1 unit 4 lesson 1 Introduction "Violence is not random, uncontrollable or inevitable.--Reason to Hope A.P.A. 1994 Key questions 1-How/Why do humans become violent? 2-How/Why do humans remain violent? 3-How do humans control violence? Theories on Aggression/Violence Instinct Theories (Freud) Basic beliefs are... all humans have both negative and positive forces at war within them, biologically based, needed an outlet. Treatment for aggression/violence based on these theories included... instintual response for internal process not under our control. (wolves noticing another wolf who is limping, so they attack) Drive Theories (Dollard) people were motivated to behave violently, not by instinct, but by other factors such as frustration. aggresive behavior is preceeded by frustration. Frustration - Aggression This Theory's answer to eliminating aggression was... to eliminate "frustrating experience" Sheet1 Page 2 Drive theories helped move the thinking about violence by... being more external, which surface a possibility of controlling agg Social Learning Theory (Bandura) People are not "born" with violence ingrained within them, they must...learn it (learn violence) The Focus of Social Learning Theory Aggressive behavior acquired and maintained through 3 things: 1- observational and indirect learning as well as direct from real life and media also. 2- direct experience (punishment, reward, etc..) 3- self regulating influence. (self punishment and rewards) Instrumentality of violence Types of treatment/interventions done based on social learning theory Nature vs. Nurture nature- biological impacts, nurture- environmental impacts a mix between the two. Lesson 2 Introduction Individual Factors 1-Temperament - Early risk factor, a fearless, uninhibited temperament lower heart rate (aggresive conduct disorder) difficult to rear and parent these types of kids (thrillseekers, want adventure, oblivious to danger) Sheet1 Page 3 2-ADHD kids have delinquent behavior in early adolescence. impulse contol, cognitive handi-capkids have delinquent behavior in early adolescence....
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course SW 491 taught by Professor Rosentrtor during the Summer '06 term at Michigan State University.

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SW 491 Exam 4 Review - Sheet1 Page 1 unit 4 lesson 1...

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