Lecture 10 Outline

Lecture 10 Outline - Overview of Meta-Ethical Positions...

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Meta Ethics: Cultural Relativism Lecture 10 Summer School PHIL 102 1 Overview of Meta-Ethical Positions Moral claims, beliefs, rules are objectively true or false; their truth or falsity holds for all people (cultures) Absolutism (Extreme Absolutism) Objectivism (Normative Absolutism) Moral claims, beliefs, rules are not objectively true or false Cultural Relativism Subjectivism Others. ... 2 Other Options in Meta-Ethics Subjectivism Moral claims (beliefs, rules) are relatively true or false; they are true or false relative to individuals Similar to CR but a culture of ‘one’ Q: Does Subjectivism suffer from the same problems as CR? Q: Does Subjectivism suffer any extra problems? ‘Abortion is wrong’ can be true for me but false for you 3 Overview: implications (Rachels) (Implications of Cultural Relativism) 1. Can't condemn other cultures’ practices – or our own 2. Change but no progress 3. Find out what is right by taking an opinion poll. 4. Disagreement disappears. 5. Reason-giving makes no sense 6. No best way to live in a multi-cultural society. Q: Does Subjectivism suffer any extra problems? 4 Moral Disagreement Q: Is moral disagreement likely to be rationally resolvable (i.e. by reasoning and argumentation)? Objectivism: Yes, it is quite likely No, it is unlikely Q: If objectivism is true, why do we morally disagree? Objectivist Reply: Often due to some kind of ‘cognitive shortcoming’ (or mistake) 5 Objectivism and Moral Disagreement Objectivism Naturalism: natural facts Q: What kind of natural facts make moral claims true?
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Lecture 10 Outline - Overview of Meta-Ethical Positions...

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