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Communication 201 final

Communication 201 final - Communication 201 Final Exam...

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Communication 201 Final Exam Study Guide Herbert Wichelns and the Revival of the Classic Tradition Q: Herbert Wichelns is famous for what article and why did he write it? A: “The Literary Criticism of Oratory” because he wanted to distinguish his approach to rhetorical inquiry from the common forms of criticism in his day Q: What are the six common forms of literary criticism? Describe each. A: personality criticism- studies the “man behind the work” Style criticism- studies the “mind and the character” of the author and how they create a distinct style. Judicial criticism- judges the transcendent value of the work Interpretive criticism- devises the meaning of the tex Historical criticism- studies and classifies similarities in style and content of different works by one author Descriptive criticism- describes the social/historical background of the text interpretive criticism, historical criticism, desriptive criticism Q: Definition of literary critics . A: “all in various ways, interpreters of the permanent and universal values they find in the works in which they treat. Q: Rhetorical Criticism A: Does not focus on the permanence and beauty of the work but “it is concerned with effect.” Q: Difference between Literary and rhetorical critics? A: Literary Critics are concerned with that which is Timeless in a work, while rhetorical critics are concerned with that which is Timely. Q: Rhetorical Criticism is: A: 1) Audience centered 2) concerned with effect of discourse on a specific audience 3) concerned with the method the author uses to convince the audience *Grounded in Aristotle Q: Good rhetoric is effective when? A: At one time for one specific audience. Rhetorical criticism assesses this effect. Q: What are the special interests of rhetorical criticism? A: Rhetorical forms or appeals that have an impact on audiences (ETHOS, PATHOS, LOGOS)
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Lloyd Bitzer’s Conception of the Rhetorical Situation Q:What is Presuppositions? A: Rhetoric responds to something that happens, a certain situation Q: What are the three presuppositions? A: 1) Rhetoric is situation bound. It is called into being by/in action to a specific situation. 2) A situation may be occur to which rhetoric is not applied, but rhetoric will not exist without a situation it is intended to meet. 3) The role of the situation in generating discourse has not been sufficiently studied. Q: What are the characteristics of the Rhetorical Situation? Describe each. A) Exigence- a need that can be modified by rhetoric. Audience- that group of individuals the speaker attempts to modify in order to modify the exigence. The proper audience for the speaker will be one that can effect the exigence and be effected by the speaker’s rhetoric. Constraints- Those situational factors that allow the speaker to communicate but also limit what the speaker may say or do in responding to the situation.
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