Deviance Study 1 - 11:02:00 PM Erikson Boundaries Deviant...

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14/02/2008 01:02:00 Erikson:  Boundaries / Deviant Role Deviant Role o A deviant is not an outcome of bad society but helps community run  smoothly o Functional and necessary to group order and structure, provider of  jobs, performer of certain tasks o Need deviance for society to run smoothly Hackert & Hackert:  A Typology of Deviance Focus on deviance = underconforming (or nonconforming) o Reactions are negative ABC’s can overconform or underconform o Reactions to nonconformity = positive or negative Norms: Deviant Admiration: o Violates social norm but reaction is positive Illisturates a fracture in society between groups OverConformity: o Norms operate at 2 levels Idealized Achievable o Rate-busting:  geek phenomenon
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Accomplish idealized Rejected for this Not what others are able to, or want to, match as norm Positive Deviance: o Norms operate at 2 levels Idealized  Achievable o Positive deviance:  hero or saint Accomplished idealized Accepted for this Admired  Others will still not likely norm to Multiple Communities o Authors argue this typology supports relativist position that context is  critical (definition depends on situational surroundings) One ABC = multiple norm reactions at the same time Connects negative reactions to threats  Costello article- online reading Idealized version of norms are not norms but values Deviance: violation of social norms
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Norms= a social construction (tested, produced, reproduced, challenged, rejected  continuously) Deviance= product of those defining not committing act (norms agreed upon by  majority) Deviance= always 2 part relationship (those being deviant/ those defining them) Deviance= dependant on situation and participants Deviance does NOT = immoral or criminal Deviance is NOT inherent to particular acts Norms= organized to type of social response to their violation  Sumner 1976: poor taste, sin, crime People can be labeled as deviant as a result of the ABCs Attitude= believed Behavior= done Condition= physical or situational o Ascribed= birth o Achieved= acts
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Deviance= combo of normative expectations and social reactions Can overconform or underconform to social norms  and reactions to nonconformity can be positive or negative  Negative Deviance= underconform, negative Deviance Admiration= underconform, positive Rate busting= overconform, negative Positive deviance= overconform, positive Defs of norms and deviance are connected to identification and maintenance of  community boundaries people belong to different groups at once- with conflicting norms
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