Cold War review sheet---key people, terms, placesWarsaw vs. NATO-WarsawUSSR’s alliances and 7 satellites in East Europe. Linked b/c Europe was divided in East/WestoEastSoviet dominated countries of East Europe. Communists but dictatorship in practiceoWest was democracy -NATO(North Atlantic Treaty Organization) members pledged to help each other if attackedoConsisted of US, France, GB, Belgium, and other Allied countries Marshall Plan-George Marshall inventedoSecretary of state in the late 1940’s presents an ideatremendous amount of economic aid to rebuild Europehelp them and us-Eastern Europe says no thanks (except Yugoslavia which was relatively free of USSR control)-2 groups form: NATO and Warsaw-THE IRON CURTAINoIt was a physical and ideological barrier between the US and USSR. This barrier prevents passage of info and ideas between the political entities.oUnable to know what is going on in Communist countriesEx. Space, economy, and military Where did communism first threaten Europe?- The satellite countries dominated by USSRContainment -the US strategy of keeping communism within its existing boundaries and preventing its further expansion oex. Vietnam warUs tried to stop it from spreading, Bay of PigsUS doesn’t want communism in CubaDomino Theory-the view that a communist victory in South Vietnam would cause noncommunist government across Southeast Asia to fall to communism, like a row of dominosoVietnam WarCambodiaLaosNepalIndiaPakistanetc…Iron Curtain-It was a physical and ideological barrier between the US and USSR. This barrier prevents passage of info and ideas between the political entities.
oUnable to know what is going on in Communist countriesEx. They didn’t know about this: Space, economy, and military Berlin Blockade/Airlift-Yalta Conference (post war conference(big three) US, USSR, and GB initiate it)oSurrender of GermanyoFrance gets sector of GermanyoNazi justiceoUSSRbecame part of UNoWanted free elections in Eastern Europegets ignored by USSR-What Yalta did to GermanyoDemilitarizedoDemocratic oNazi repealedoBranches had no poweroNo nationalismoDeportations of Germans in different countries-Divided Germany into four parts and divided Berlin (in the soviet territory) in to 4 parts-Main purposeoSoviet blocked Berlin from getting supplies and so the west allies made west Berlin and provided them food and supplies, going on for 324 days, uninterrupted.oAirlift stopped September 1, 1949, continued on from May because they were afraid that when they left, soviets would start the blockade again.oBlockade stopped May 12, 1949Korean War and its aftermath (Korea today)-Dates: June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953-Post WW2: Was a unified nation until Japan invaded; US controlled South Korea, while USSR controlled communist NK. Japan surrendered SK to US.