jan 14 - It's normal in other cultures for infants to be...

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11/14/08 It’s normal in other cultures for infants to be exposed to the act of human creation. Our attitudes towards sexuality are not all the same. Culture: it shapes how we think about the world around us, and how we act around the world around us. Culture involves all kinds of basic assumptions of human nature. The assumption of the nature of humans, and we assume that humans are innately evil, and that’s why we have laws. This assumption about the nature of humans is shaped by culture ? In American values, the more important part of culture emphasizes husband wife relationship. Family values go the nature of the mother infant bond, those are cultural values. Nature of competition, how impossible it is to think about societies without competition? You cant, and there are human societies that don’t value human competition. Think about the nature of the deity, and how it would be if the main deity would be female, how would this family values or gender relationships? Culture is more than how to shake hands, it consists of the fundamental perceptions of how the world works. The challenge is recognizing that different people have the cultural values. Cultural relativity reminds us that those perspectives are just as equal as our perspectives. What makes anthro diff from other social sciences is that this combo of all of these things together make anthropology different. We can also see how thse differences allow anthro to be in a wide variety of different careers. Anthropology is diverse because each anthropologist specializes in 4 different subfields. 1. Biological/ Physical anthropology - these are interested in what makes us humans from a biological pt of view. The questions they are interested in are how did we come to be who we are, how are we physically different from all other organisms, where did we come from? Others are interested in what makes us human and what makes us in common with other human relatives? Other biological anthro are interested in how we can explain the genetic variation among human populations. Other bio anthr are into how this genetic variation affects health care. Biological anthropologists require specialists from genetics, zoologists (ppl who specialize in study of primates), psychologists (social, brain behavior), and we also need medical professionals to learn about diseases and the spread, etc. 2 . Archaeology - interested in what makes us human, but they study human beings of the past. You can see archaeology as letting us go back in the past to look at present day societies, and all human societies. It expands the data base of human comparison through all time. The challenge they face is studying human behavior of the past. They have to look at the past evidence of human behavior, and cannot ask questions. They are not interested in stuff, only in human beings. One question asked is why would human beings want to create complex societies? How can we test that people want to live in large societies? We have to go back in time before the societies were here and see if life before
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course ANTH 201 taught by Professor Coggeshall during the Spring '07 term at Clemson.

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jan 14 - It's normal in other cultures for infants to be...

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