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History Final terms

History Final terms - 4:15:00 PM Chartism Chartism is a...

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16/12/2007 18:15:00 Chartism Chartism is a movement for political and social reform in the UK during the mid-19 th century between 1838 and 1848. It takes name from the people’s charter of 1838, which stipulated the six main aims of the movement as: o Universal sufferage for all men over age of 21 o Equal sized electoral districts o Voting by secret ballot o An end to the need for property qualification for parliament o Pay for members of parliament o Annual election of parliament o Chartism was possibly the first mass working class movement in the world. Its leaders have often been described as either “physical” or “moral-force” leaders, depending upon their attitudes to violent protest. Oscar Wilde Oscar Wilde was a playwright, novelist, poet, and author of short stories. Known for his barbed wit, he was one of the most successful playwrights of late Victorian London, and one of the greatest celebrities of his day. As a result of a famous trial, he suffered a dramatic downfall and was imprisioned for 2 years of hard labor after being convicted of the offense of “gross indecency.” The Contagious Diseases Acts The Contagious Diseases Acts were passed by the UK Parliament in 1864, 1866, and 1869. The initial act of 1864 was passed after concern over the high levels of venereal disease in the armed forces: during the 1860s, one in three sick cases in the military was venereal in origin. In 1862 a committee was established to inquire into venereal disease in the forces, and on its recommendation the first Contagious Diseases Act was passed in 1864. The Act was specifically aimed at keeping down the levels of venereal disease in the armed forces by allowing plain-clothed police to identify diseased prostitutes within eleven specified garrison and undergo mandatory medical examination and treatment.
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The Act of 1864 stated that women found to be infected could be interned in locked hospitals for up to 3 months, a period gradually extended to one year with the 1869 Act. These measures were justified by medical and military officials as the most effective method to shield men from venereal disease. As military men were discouraged from marriage and homosexual behaviour was criminal, prostitution was considered a necessary evil. However, no provision was made for the examination of prostitutes' clientele, which became one of the many points of contention in a campaign to repeal the Acts. After 1867 there were proposals to extend the acts to the north of England, and to the civilian population. It was suggested that this extension would stop street disorders caused by prostitution in large cities, and to regulate it. Cecil Rhodes Cecil Rhodes was a British-born South African businessman, mining magnate, and politician. He was the founder of the diamond company De Beers, which today markets 60% of the world’s rough diamonds and at one time marketed 90%. He was an ardent believer in colonialism and was the colonizer of the state of Rhodesia, which was named after him.
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History Final terms - 4:15:00 PM Chartism Chartism is a...

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