comparison paper - Zubek In correlation with the readings...

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Zubek In correlation with the readings from Totten and Hewitt, we have learned the Genocide Convention was adopted on December 9, 1948, by the United Nations (UNGC). According to the Totten text, the definition of genocide from the UNGC is, “Under the UN Genocide Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial, or religious group, as such: Killing members of the group, Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group, Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part, Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group, and Forcible transferring children of the group to another group.” 1 Diane Orentilicher states, “Genocide has two phases: one, destruction of the national pattern of the oppressed group, the other, the imposition of the national pattern of the oppressor.” 2 The destruction of the natural pattern of the oppressed group can include several forms of destruction such as, killing the group in part or in whole, separating the women, children, and men, starving the community, making the people work under harsh conditions until exhaustion, and even sterilization to prevent more of their group from entering the world. The imposition of the oppressor can cause major burden to the nation as a whole. Both of these historic events happened when the nation was at hardship. Stalin and the Young Turks stepped in and used the Ottomans and Kulaks as a scapegoat for economic, political, and national failures. 1 Roubon Adalian, “The Armenian Genocide,” in Samuel Totten, ed., Century of Genocide: Critical Essays and Eyewitness Accounts.2 nd ed. (New York, NY; London: Taylor and Francis, 2004), 4. 2 Orentilicher Diane, “Introduction,” in William H. Hewitt, ed., Defining the Horrific: Genocide. (Upper Saddle Ridge. NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2004), 3. 1
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Zubek Two major events that have happened in the past were the Armenian Genocide and the Ukrainian Famine in the Soviet Union. The Armenian Genocide and Ukrainian Famine killed millions of innocent people, young and old. They both present characteristics of the definition of genocide, although they both are not considered genocide. According to the UNGC, the Ukrainian Famine is not considered genocide, and also differs in their ways of conspiracy. The Ukrainian Famine was not considered genocide by the UNGC because it was not seen as intent to destroy a national, ethnical, racial, or religious group; while the Armenian Genocide is considered to be genocide under the UNGC definition of genocide. When first learning about these genocides, knowing who committed these acts and finding who the perpetrators were was a central part. Both Stalin and the Young Turks wanted total control. Conversely, the Young Turks were the perpetrators in the Armenian Genocide and consisted of Talat, Enver, and Jermal. Talat was Minister of
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course ENG 101 taught by Professor Roessner during the Spring '08 term at Mercyhurst University.

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comparison paper - Zubek In correlation with the readings...

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