In correlation with the readings from Totten and Hewitt, we have learned the
Genocide Convention was adopted on December 9, 1948, by the United Nations
According to the Totten text, the definition of genocide from the UNGC is,
“Under the UN Genocide Convention, genocide means any of the
following acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a
national, ethnical, racial, or religious group, as such: Killing members of
the group, Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the
group, Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to
bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part, Imposing measures
intended to prevent births within the group, and Forcible transferring
children of the group to another group.”
Diane Orentilicher states, “Genocide has two phases: one, destruction of the
national pattern of the oppressed group, the other, the imposition of the national pattern
of the oppressor.”
The destruction of the natural pattern of the oppressed group can
include several forms of destruction such as, killing the group in part or in whole,
separating the women, children, and men, starving the community, making the people
work under harsh conditions until exhaustion, and even sterilization to prevent more of
their group from entering the world.
The imposition of the oppressor can cause major
burden to the nation as a whole.
Both of these historic events happened when the nation
was at hardship.
Stalin and the Young Turks stepped in and used the Ottomans and
Kulaks as a scapegoat for economic, political, and national failures.
Roubon Adalian, “The Armenian Genocide,” in Samuel Totten, ed.,
Century of Genocide:
Essays and Eyewitness Accounts.2
(New York, NY; London:
Taylor and Francis, 2004), 4.
Orentilicher Diane, “Introduction,” in William H. Hewitt, ed.,
Defining the Horrific:
Saddle Ridge. NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2004), 3.