geog1982ch.1

geog1982ch.1 - Geography 1982 First Test Review Regional...

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Geography 1982 First Test Review Regional Geography - Combines elements of both human and physical geography - The concept of region is applied to large territories that encompass many places - There is a continuous two-way process, in which people create and modify places while at the same time being influenced by the settings in which they live and work Regionalization Two Types Logical Division: “classification from above”, This involves dividing a set of areal units into successively larger numbers of classes, using more specific criteria at every stage. In this way, a world regional classification of national states might be achieved by first differentiating between rich and poor countries, and then dividing rich and poor countries and those that have a trade surplus and those that have a deficit and so on, Grouping: “classification from Below”, involves searching for regularities or significant relationships among areal units and grouping them together in successively smaller numbers of classes, using a broader measure of similarity at each stage. Formal Regions vs Functional Regions FORMAL: groups of areal units that have a high degree of homogeneity in terms of particular distinguishing features such as religious adherence or household income FUNCTIONAL REGIONS: there is an overall coherence to the the structure and dynamics of economic, political and social organization even though there may be some variability in certain attributes like religious adherence. National States
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geog1982ch.1 - Geography 1982 First Test Review Regional...

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