GEOGch5 - Chapter 5 Geography Middle East and North Africa...

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Chapter 5 Geography Middle East and North Africa The single most climatic variable of the Middle East and North Africa is aridity. This is why it was originally called the “dry land.” This results in expanses of dry land where there is little or no vegetation and the land is virtually uninhabitable by humans without the help of advanced technologies. The area is highly prone to earthquakes due to the presence of three plates. Mountain Ranges: The largest set of mountain ranges are known as the Taurus and Anti-Taurus Mountains in Turkey and the Zagros and Elburz Mountains in Iran. They are responsible for rain and water runoff which creates rivers in these arid regions. Then there are the Atlas Mountains which spread from Morocco to Tunisia Finally, the Yemen Mountains which border the Red Sea and are most dramatic in Yemen. Qanat (Foggara and Flaj)= the gravity system of water mining. It is restricted to piedmont, or literally the foot of the mountains. People in the area have gone from
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GEOGch5 - Chapter 5 Geography Middle East and North Africa...

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