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exam # 2 study guide

exam # 2 study guide - Study Guide for Exam 2 Define...

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Study Guide for Exam # 2 Define: Bolsheviks o Lenin’s followers (Russian word for majority) Bourgeoisie o in Marxist theory, the social group opposed to the proletariat in the class struggle; o the owning class of society (capitalists) Capitalism o an economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately or corporately owned and development is proportionate to the accumulation and reinvestment of profits gained in a free market. Civil Religion o the national religion of America; o the public religious dimension expressed in a set of beliefs, symbols, and rituals; o God of civil religion is Unitarian and more related to order and law than salvation and law Communism- o a political system whose goal is a perfect, classless society/community; o A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single, often authoritarian party hold power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people Deconstruction - o a philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep-seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning; o Rejection of common model of knowledge and language; o Criticized great stories of various cultures; o dismissed these stories as myths created to establish values, etc.; o Left only with stories you choose to create yourself Dialectical materialism - o the Marxian interpretation of reality that views matter as the sole subject of change and all change as the product of a constant conflict between opposites arising from the internal contradictions inherent in all events, ideas, and movements Fascism - o a racial or religious political system; o the creation of a centralized authoritarian state to enforce blanket obedience to a reactionary, all-encompassing ideology; harkening back to a lost, pristine past, in which the devout were once uncorrupted by modernism; o A governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc.
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and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism or a particular religion. Islamic Fascism o contemporary Islamism that openly demands implementation of Sharia law and the return to a Pan-Islamic and theocratic caliphate Marxism - o the political and economic philosophy of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in which the concept of class struggle plays a central role in understanding society's allegedly inevitable development from bourgeois oppression under capitalism to a socialist and ultimately classless society; o a worldview or philosophy Meta-narrative - o grand story upon which we base our understanding of life; any story told to justify another story, esp. involving artifice; a story about oneself that provides a view of one's experiences; o a grand narrative in American culture might be the story that democracy is the
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exam # 2 study guide - Study Guide for Exam 2 Define...

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