Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - Study Guide for Final Exam Define:...

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Study Guide for Final Exam Define: Absolutism - The belief that there is one and only one truth; those who espouse absolutism  usually also believe that they know what this absolute truth is.  In ethics, absolutism is usually  contrasted to relativism. Capitalism - free market, private property and individual incentive Christian ethics - the principles, derived from the Christian faith, by which we act Communism - a political system… a system of government in which the state plans an controls  the economy and a single, often authoritarian party holds power Deconstruction - a philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep-seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning Deism - the belief, based solely on reason, in a God who created the universe and then abandoned it, assuming no control over life, exerting no influence on natural phenomena, and giving no supernatural revelation Epistemology - a branch of philosophy that investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits  of human knowledge Existentialism - existence precedes essence Fascism - a racial or religious political system; the creation of a centralized authoritarian state to enforce blanket obedience to a reactionary, all-encompassing ideology Graded Absolutism - Not all moral laws are of equal weight Islamic Fascism - Islam is the aggressive religion Marxism - a worldview of philosophy   The political and economic philosophy of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in which the concept of class struggle plays a central role in understanding society's allegedly inevitable development from bourgeois oppression under capitalism to a socialist and ultimately classless society Metaphysics - An underlying philosophical or theoretical principle: a belief in luck, the metaphysic of the gambler Metanarrative - any story told to justify another story, esp. involving artifice; a story about oneself that provides a view of one's experiences Monism - The view in metaphysics that reality is a unified whole and that all existing things can be ascribed to or described by a single concept or system. Naturalism - the universe is all there is Nihilism - An extreme form of skepticism that denies all existence Socialism - an economic society…any of various theories or systems of social organization in  which the means of producing and distributing goods is owned collectively or by a centralized  government that often plans and controls the economy  Pluralism - the holding by one person of two or more offices at the same time… A condition in  which numerous distinct ethnic, religious, or cultural groups are present and tolerated within a  society Postmodern Era - 1960’s to present…an eclectic movement, originating in aesthetics,  architecture and philosophy espouses a system of skepticism of ground theoretical perspective…
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course HUMA 201 taught by Professor Kemeny during the Spring '08 term at Grove City.

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Final Study Guide - Study Guide for Final Exam Define:...

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