notes 3 - Is it ever appropriate to tell a lie Ethical...

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Is it ever appropriate to tell a lie? Ethical dilemma Making Ethical Decisions Ethics - the decisions, choices, and actions (behaviors) we make that reflect and enact our values the study of what we understand to be good and right behavior and how people make those judgments There are many definitions as to what ethics encompasses: -The discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation; -Decisions, choices, and actions we make that reflect and enact our values; -A set of moral principles or values -A theory or system of moral values; and/or -A guiding philosophy Definitions - Code of conduct or code of ethics - a central guide and reference for users in support of day-to-day decision making, It is meant to clarify an organization’s mission, values and principles, linking them with standards of professional conduct - Ethical differences - situations in which two people agree on a particular value and disagree as to the action to be taken or decision to be made Should a GCC varsity team play a game on Sunday? Decide not to play on Lord’s day -Ethical dilemmas - situations that require ethical judgment calls. Often there is more than one right answer and no win-win solution in which we get everything we want What should the penalty be for a student at GCC who violates the alcohol policy? Should they be suspended, slap on the wrist, and unique in every case -Morals - values that we attribute to a system of beliefs that help the individual define right versus wrong, good versus bad. These typically get their authority from something outside the individual – a higher being or higher authority (e.g. government, society) - Values - the core beliefs we hold regarding what is right and fair in terms of our actions and our interactions with others. Another way to characterize values is that they are what an individual believes to be of worth and importance to their life (valuable). - Character education - the long-term process of helping individuals develop knowledge of, motivation to, and practices of living by a set of ethical standards - Absolutism - the belief that there is one and only one truth; those who espouse absolutism usually also believe that they know what this absolute truth is. In ethics, absolutism is usually contrasted to relativism - Graded absolutism - 1. Not all moral laws are of equal weight 2. There are some unavoidable moral conflicts in which an individual cannot obey two commands 3. God does not hold the individual responsible in unavoidable moral conflicts providing he keeps the higher law Questions for reflection Give an example of an unavoidable moral conflict that you might encounter in your daily experience? Do I look fat in this or an ugly dress How might you resolve it? Take it as it comes - Ethical absolutism - there are some things about which we need to make judgments certain things are wrong and should not be tolerated there is truth - Relativism - the theory, especially in ethics or aesthetics, that conceptions of truth and moral values are not absolute but are relative to the persons or groups holding them
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