CHE.1.15 - CHE 113 1/15/08 Forensic Science: Brief History...

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CHE 113 1/15/08 Forensic Science: Brief History and Introduction i. History of Forensic Science a. Forensic Science: The application of the scientific method to the law and criminal justice. b. Began formally in the 1700’s, but it wasn’t until the 1900’s that the scientific method was applied. i. Edmond Locard (1877-1966): 1. Locard’s Exchange principle: Criminal in contact with an object or person, a cross transfer of evidence occurs; you leave something of yourself behind and take a piece of the environment with you. 2. Set up the first forensics lab. c. Writers: i. Crime writers influenced the development of forensic science as much as the science itself; this added to a somewhat shaky reputation. 1. Arthur Conan Doyle: Wrote the Sherlock Homles novels, preceded and foretold many chemical analyses for investigators. 2. Dorothy L. Sayers: Created Lord Peter Wimsey, meticulous detail and correct attention to facts. 3. Agatha Christie: Creator of Hercule Poirot and Miss Jane Maple, most read of the forensic/crime writers. ii. Scientific Method a. Make observations and conduct experiments b. Notice patterns or trends c. Form and test a hypothesis d. Create a theory or conduct experiments again i. Measurements form the base of forensic science procedures. iii. Example: Salem Witch Trials a. Medicine in the 1960’s relied on the balance of four humors; blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile. b.
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course CHE 113 taught by Professor Spencer during the Spring '08 term at Syracuse.

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CHE.1.15 - CHE 113 1/15/08 Forensic Science: Brief History...

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