CHE1.25.08 - ossification b Ancestry Most difficult...

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CHE 1.25.08 I. Forensic Anthropology: Analyzes human skeletal remains, especially those that resulted from unexplained deaths. a. Biological: Goal is to identify the sex, age ,stature, ancestry, trauma (ante, peri, post mortem) i. Osteology: Study of skeletal remains. ii. Analyzes marco/microscopic differences, uses radiology. iii. Skull, hip bone, and femur are among the most useful bones. 1. Skull: Sutures open=young, sutures closed=old 2. Male Skull: Extreme supraorbital ridges, larger teeth, sharper jaw, more pronounced muscle attachments. 3. Female Skull: Less prominent supraorbital ridges, small teeth, curved jaw 4. Hip bones: 2 finger pubic arch test; wider arch is female, made for delivery. a. Most useful for determining age range of adults using the auricular surface; worn or smooth? 5. Epiphyses: Part of bone separated from rest of bone by layer of cartilage which fuses with bone later with
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Unformatted text preview: ossification. b. Ancestry: Most difficult determination to make, facial bones are most useful. c. Stature: An estimated range can be made by using a mathematical formula with measurements of long bones. II. Trauma a. Ante: Before, Post: After, Peri: During III. Individual Identification a. Dental work such as filings, dentures, or braces can be traced back to individual dental records. b. Habitual activity can wear away certain parts on a bone and lead examiners to form an association with a given profession to certain markings. c. Harper Bone: Found 25ft from the Kennedy assassination; skull bone. IV. Bones a. Skull, clavicle, ribs, sternum, humerus, radius, ulna, carpels, metacarpals, vertebra, ilium, femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsels, metatarsals. b. Hip bone: Flared ilium, sacral promontory, pelvic brim, symphysis pubis, sacral curvature....
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