Management Quiz #1

Management Quiz #1 - Management Quiz 1 Review 1 Moral vs...

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Management Quiz # 1  ( Review) 1. Moral vs. non moral standards ( pg. 9-10)  Moral is normals of action…right or wrong  - Moral standards are different from non-moral  standards, e.g., rule of etiquette, rules of law,  standards of language, the rules of ethics (art), athletic  standards, etc. - The norms that we have about the kinds of actions that  we believe are morally right and wrong.  Also known as  rules, e.g., “Always tell the truth” or “It is wrong to kill  an innocent person,” or actions are right to the extent  that they produce happiness.” Moral Standards; standards of ettiquete  - standard but not moral like building a house  Power Point Notes:        Moral standards vs. non moral standards           Involved with serious injuries or benefits           Not established by law or legislature           Should be preferred to other values including self-interest           Based on impartial considerations           Associated with special emotions and vocabulary The “Golden Rule”, in various forms, are part of the following religions: Hinduism Judaism Christianity Buddhism Confucianism Islam 2. Moral Reasoning ( pg 31-35) Human behavior that is judged in violation.  More logical          - Refers to the reasoning process by which human behaviors,  institutions, or policies are judged to be in accordance with or in violation of 
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moral standards. WorldCom’s Whistleblower (case p.28). Moral reasoning involves two essential components: Understanding of what reasonable moral standards require, prohibit, value or  condemn. Evidence or information that shows that a particular person, policy,  institution, or behavior has the kinds of features that these moral  standards require, prohibit, value or condemn. - It is very important to make explicit the moral standards on which moral  judgments are based. If a person states a moral judgment without stating the moral standard,  it leaves one vulnerable to problems created by basing an argument on  an unexamined assumption. Consistency, shown as follows: If I judge that a certain person is morally justified (or unjustified) in doing A in  circumstance C, then I must accept that it is morally justified (or unjustified) for  any person: To perform any act relevantly similar to A In any circumstances relevantly similar to C 3. Utilitarian measurement ( pg 62-65) One of the four moral standards A normative theory that holds that actions and policies should be evaluated on  the basis of the  benefits  and  lowest net   costs  they will impose on society.
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