SO101NOTES

SO101NOTES - Components of Culture 1 Beliefs Conceptions...

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Components of Culture 1) Beliefs – Conceptions about what is true in the world 2) Values – ideas about what is good, bad (about judgement) a. Success: American Dream: $ b. Individualism: Core c. Freedom d. Dynamic: i. Horizontal Diversity: Western vs Eastern Society Values ii. Vertical Diversity: Values of today compared to values of the past. e. 2 major trends in last 2 decades – Change in Values i. Do well financially: 40-70% ii. Happiness?: Lower iii. Traditional Materialism -> Private Materialism iv. Consumerism – commodificatoin f. Self-worth i. advanced industrial capitalism a. profit - important for growth g. Norms i. Folkways: everyday interaction ii. Mores iii. Laws- come from mores iv. Taboo – premarital sex v. Sanction h. Language (4) Sapir – Whore/hypothesis: Reality shapes language Each language is an adaptation to the environment (physical and cultural) Once it exists, it takes a life of it’s own, in turn, reshape reality. 9-10-07 Integration: Kapauku Papuans Women Polygamy Sweet potato: pigs Cultural Change External: Cultural Diffusion: Material Technology Cyberculture:
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Internal: Innovation: inventions, discoveries Formal Educuation. 3. Ideal culture vs. Real Culture Gaps: Macro: Micro: family cheating on a spouse Conflicting values: Materialism……Environmentalism Equality…………. .Competitive Individualism (Social Darwinism) 4. Ethno Centrism and Cultural Relativity The belief, lifestyles. . should be viewed in terms of their own culture. 5. Subcultures SOCIAL STRUCTURE: Organized patterns of social interactions and relationships Components: 1. Status: designated position (hierarchy) a. Ascribed: b. Achieved: efforts (educational achievements, career prestige) c. Master Status: central to social identity 2. Roles: Closely related to Status, clusters of norms, behavior expectations a. Role-taking: b. Role-Strain c. Role-conflict: 3. Groups and social institutions a. Primary: family friends b. Secondary: Shared tasks (more task oriented) Stages of Societies: Hunting/Gathering……………………………………………………Post Industrial Simple horticultural Advanced horticultural Agricultural Mercantile Industrial………………………………………………………to post industrial.
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Gesellschef Traditional: Pre industrial Industrial Hunting/Gathering Leader, Members Size Subsistance Technology Roaming Little Surplus Need + Merit Simple Horticultural:: Leader, Council, member Advanced Horticultural:: Ruler, Management, Higher than members, Members Stratification Unequal distribution of resources Power, Ideology/utility Agricultural Estate “state” Church Aristocracy Commers Mercantile : Relatively short stage, age of enlightment? 1500-1900 Industrial: 1700, 1800, 1900 Post Industrial: Perspectives on Mass Media:: Presentation of culture tend to be impersonal Audience tends to be large and very diverse Carefully crafted Functionalist: Assists in exhange of info
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course SO 101 taught by Professor Yang during the Spring '08 term at N. Michigan.

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SO101NOTES - Components of Culture 1 Beliefs Conceptions...

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