SO101EXAM3NOTES

SO101EXAM3NOTES - Functions of Family: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)...

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Functions of Family: 1) Regulation of Sexual Behavior/Reproduction 2) Socialization of Children 3) Status Conferral 4) Economic Support 5) Protection/Care for Family Members 6) Affection and Companionship Marriage Sex Child bearing/parenthood Why? -Industrialization -Modernization -Urbanization Values, Children, Family, Meaning of Life Conflict Perspective -Patriarchy benefits Males -Nuclear Family (dominant norm) -Maximizes Consumer Units -Economy -contribute to p of inequality: inheritance Marriage and Divorce in U.S. Factors in formation of Marriage Selection Criteria: Love Rational Decision Making Social Exchange Theory ANY TOPIC RELEVANT TO SOCIOLOGY 2 PAGES DOUBLE SPACE TURN IN HARD COPY Race/Ethnicity: Religion: Age: SES: Divorce Factors 1) Affluence (more independence) 2) Fewer Pressures for people to stay in unhappy marriages 3) Gender, Sexual Equality 4) Tolerance of Society 5) Simplified legal procedures
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Who are more likely to get divorced? -Differences between the couple: *Endogamy -Low SES, $, Poverty -Age, young age -whirlwind romance Effects of Divorce: ~Emotional… self worth ~Psychological… distress ~Economic… males ~Health… mental and physical On Children: ~loyal ~losing both role models ~$ ~Prone to delinquency -school drop out ~More acceptive of alternative lifestyles Minority Family Experience: Black/White : SES, Cohesive (A.American Families) Hispanic: -Single mother families lower than blacks, higher than whites -Low divorce rates -More material and emotional support from extended kin network - Cuban more affluent than Mexican Asian Americans: -Strong traditional cultural values -Family/Collectivism over individual -Self-Discipline, social obligation, respect for the elderly -kinship bonds strong -support for the elderly in the family -women more likely to make compromises concerning career and family. Diversity of changes in sexual behavior 1) Premarital sex 80-85% of women 95% of men # partners: Males 8, Girls have fewer 2) Extramarital sex 1/3 married women, 2/3 married men, at least one extramarital affaire Males do it for sex, women do it for love or emotional connection
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Working women have higher rates of extramarital sex than women who stay home 3) Homosexuality 1-5% of the population. .. much larger than before Why? Controversial… biological/genetically determined or learned human social influence lifestyle. Social Sciences agree combination of both. One theory argues that homosexuality is not categorical, it is fluid. Alternative and Diverse Family Lifestyles 1) Dual-Career Family: Both man and woman work a. Both have a career b. Family life i. Both egalitarian oriented ii. One is egalitarian iii. Traditional 2) Singlehood a. Freedom from unnecessary commitments b. Economic $ independence c. Opportunities to meet new people d. Intimacy without permanent bond 3) Cohabitation a. A trial marriage b. A replacement for marriage c. Elderly: $ 4) Single Parenthood a. More single mother families than single father families b. 30% of all births are to unmarried women
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course SO 101 taught by Professor Yang during the Spring '08 term at N. Michigan.

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SO101EXAM3NOTES - Functions of Family: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)...

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