Regional Anatomy of Arm and Leg

Regional Anatomy of Arm and Leg - Student Outline Regional...

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Student Outline Regional Anatomy of the Arm and Leg Regional Anatomy of the Upper Limb . Book Description – Chapter 7; pages 607 – 746. Bones of the Upper Limb I. The Pectoral Girdle A. Clavicle: plate 402 (419) 1. Sternal (medial) end 2. Acromial (lateral) end 3. Conoid turbercle B. Scapula: plate 403-404 (420-421) 1. Medial (vertebral) border 2. Superior border 3. Lateral (axillary) border 5. Superior angle 6. Inferior angle 7. Glenoid cavity or fossa 8. Subscapular fossa 10. Coracoid process 11. Acromion 12. Supraglenoid tubercle 13. Infraglenoid tubercle 14. Scapular spine 15. Supraspinous fossa 16. Infraspinous fossa 9. Scapular (suprascapular) notch II. The Upper Extremity A. Humerus: plate 403-404 (420-421) 1. Head 2. Greater tubercle 3. Lesser tubercle 4. Anatomical neck 5. Surgical neck 6. Intertubercular groove 7. Shaft 8. Deltoid tuberosity 9. Radial fossa 10. Coronoid fossa 11. Capitulum 12. Trochlea 13. Lateral epicondyle 14. Medial eipicondyle 15. Olecranon fossa 16. Radial groove 17. Medial supracondylar ridge 18. Lateral supracondylar ridge B. Ulna: plate 419 (436) , 422 (439) 1. Olecranon 2. Trochlear (semilunar) notch 3. Coronoid process 4. Radial notch 5. Styloid process 6. Head 7. Interosseous border: interosseous membrane 8. Ulnar tuberosity C. Radius plate 419 (436) , 422 (439) 1. Head 2. Neck 3. Radial tuberosity 4. Interosseous border: interosseous membrane 5. Styloid process 6. Ulnar notch 1
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D. Carpals: ( S ome L overs T ry P ositions T hat T hey C an't H andle) Or ( N ever L ower T illy’s P ants, G randma M ight C ome H ome) plate 435-436 (452 – 453) 1. Scaphoid (navicular) 2. Lunate 3. Triquetrum 4. Pisiform 5. Trapezium (greater multiangular) 6. Trapezoid (lesser multiangular) 7. Capitate 8. Hamate: hook E. Metacarpals: five in all; they support the palm; identify by Roman numerals I-V beginning with metacarpal I on the lateral side which articulates with the trapezium and pollox (thumb). Plate 436 (453) 1. Base (proximal) 2. Body 3. Head (distal) F. Phalanges: Plate 439 (456) . Base, body and head 1. Proximal phalange: I-V 2. Middle phalange: II-V 3. Distal phalange: I-V Muscles of the Shoulder and Upper Extremity Muscle components in the arm and forearm. page 613-615 1. Anterior (flexor component) 2. Posterior (extensor compartment) A. Muscles of the Shoulder. Table 7.1 (page 634) 1. Trapezius: plate 167 (174) O: External occipital protuberance of occipital bone; ligamentum nuchae; and spinous processes of thoracic vertebrae I: Lateral 1/3 rd of clavicle and spine/acromion of scapula A: Elevates, retracts, depresses or rotates scapula/or elevates clavicle 2. Deltoid: plate 407 (424) , 414 (431) O: Lateral 1/3 rd of clavicle and scapula (acromion and scapular spine) I: Deltoid tuberosity of humerus A: Abducts arm 3. Levator scapulae: plate 167 (174) O: Transverse processes of first 4 cervical vertebrae I: Vertebral border of scapula near superior angle A: Elevates scapula
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4. Rhomboid Minor: plate 167 (174) O:
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course BIOL 101 taught by Professor Kilgen during the Spring '08 term at Nicholls State.

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Regional Anatomy of Arm and Leg - Student Outline Regional...

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