west. civ feb27 - Frederick Barbarossa/Holy Roman Empire...

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Frederick Barbarossa/Holy Roman Empire Domesday Book Angevin Dynasty Henry, Richard, John, Edward of England (know Scandinavians- Vikings) Premise -monarchs attempt to centralize gov’t -result of personal ambition, NOT nationalism or ethnic identity (these do not exist yet) -Holy Roman Empire- France, Germany, Italy Charlemagne’s Heirs -theoretical power of the emperor over other Carolingian lords Holy Roman Empire moves to Germany -‘Roman Emperor’ elected w/ Papal consent -usually a German king -definite break w/ Frankish kingdom (France) Struggle for power- Holy Roman Empire- 1100s AD Conquest of smaller duchies, kingdoms Disagreements w/ Pope Popes often chosen by Emperor but still powerful Pope Alexander II vs. Emperor Henry IV- Pope supreme Frederick Barbarossa (Redbeard) 1150 AD Descended from 2 rival houses, helped avoid a civil war Added Holy to Roman Empire officially Like Muslims more than Christians Argued the Emperor was superior to the Papacy- excommunicated Tried to centralize gov’t Gave up his ambitions to centralize, adopted feudal system Pope forgives him when he acknowledges supremacy of the Pope
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west. civ feb27 - Frederick Barbarossa/Holy Roman Empire...

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