Chinese Japanese Religions Vocabulary - World Religions...

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World Religions Vocabulary Chinese Religions in General: Chi – Another major concept in Chinese religion in general and (Daoism in specific) is chi. Chi is natural energy, found in all natural things. The Chinese have many rituals and practices that focus on balancing and focusing chi. These include martial arts, acupuncture, Tai Chi (Taiji quan) and feng shui. It is basically the “stuff” of which all things exist are composed. It has two aspects: yin (dark, female) and yang (light, male). Ancestor Veneration – Ancestor worship is a religious practice based on the belief that deceased family members have a continued existence, that the spirits of deceased ancestors will look after the family, take an interest in the affairs of the world, and possess the ability to influence the fortune of the living. Chinese tradition requires that respect be paid to the ancestors – especially the family’s founding ancestor and those recently deceased – through funerals, mourning rites, and then continuing sacrifices. These sacred rituals of ancestor worship are called li. They are essential because the ancestors will help their descendants if treated with proper respect, or cause trouble if ignored. I Ching – An ancient Chinese manual of divination based on eight symbolic trigrams and sixty-four hexagrams, interpreted in terms of the principles of yin and yang. It was included as one of the “five classics” of Confucianism. Regarded as the classic text in both traditions (Daoism and Confucianism). Feng Shui – Chi is natural energy, found in all natural things. The Chinese have many rituals and practices that focus on balancing and focusing chi. These include martial arts, acupuncture, Tai Chi (Taiji quan) and feng shui. Feng shui: one means of seeking harmony through balancing the chi/qi within one’s environment. The Chinese art or practice of creating harmonious surroundings that enhance the balance of yin and yang, as in arranging furniture or determining the siting of a house. Tai Chi / Taiji – Chi is natural energy, found in all natural things. The Chinese have many rituals and practices that focus on balancing and focusing chi. These include martial arts, acupuncture, Tai Chi (Taiji quan) and feng shui. Energy training practice (Taiji quan). An ancient Chinese discipline of meditative movements practiced as a system of exercises.

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