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Unformatted text preview: Study Guide for Chapter 8 Language and Thought Reading and Study Objectives T h e C o g n i t i v e R e v o l u t i o n , p p . 1. What is cognition? When and why did the cognitive revolution happen? 2. What are the basic topics of cognitive psychology? (i.e., what is cognitive psychology about?) L a n g u a g e 3. Define language. How do communication, speech, and language differ? Outline the key properties of language. Be able to give examples of each. 4. Summarize the effects of bilingualism on language and cognitive development and the factors that influence the learning of a second language. 5. Describe the evidence on language acquisition in nonhuman animals. Discuss the possible evolutionary bases of language. 6. Why do psychologists study animal cognition? (see article from HW 8) 7. Compare and contrast the behaviorist, nativist, and interactionist perspectives on language acquisition. 8. How does the linguistic relativity hypothesis help us understand the influence of culture on language and thought? (Note that the original form of the linguistic relativity hypothesis is not longer supported.) P r o b l e m S o l v i n g 9. How is a problem defined? List and describe the three types of problems proposed by Greeno. 10. Be able to explain or show how the following can hinder problem solving: irrelevant information, functional fixedness, mental set and unnecessary constraints. 11. Describe a variety of general problem-solving strategies. 12. Discuss the distinction between field independence and dependence....
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course PSYCH 1071 taught by Professor Curby during the Spring '08 term at Temple.
- Spring '08
- Cognitive Psychology