Indians of Ira Township - INDIANS OF IRA TOWNSHIP written by Mildred Schmidt The Bay area was home to Indians from earliest times The Indians referred

Indians of Ira Township - INDIANS OF IRA TOWNSHIP written...

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INDIANS OF IRA TOWNSHIP, written by Mildred SchmidtThe Bay area was home to Indians from earliest times. The Indians referred to as Paleo Indians are believed to have hunted and fished here during the warmer months and then to have migrated northward with the game. There is also evidence in the area of the existence of Woodland Indians prior to 1450. The Indians commonly associated with this part of Michigan are the Chippewa, known also as the Ojibway or Anishinabek. They were possibly originally from the St. Lawrence area, having begun theirmigration during the tenth century. There was little Indian activity in the area until shortly after the founding of Detroit in 1701.The Chippewa lived in villages by clans named for animals. Their way of life demanded mobility. During much of the year, small family groups, or villages, hunted game and gathered wild plants. In late summeror early fall, the fishing season, many clans came together along the shoreline. At the end of the fishing season, the clans separated for the winter hunt.Because of the concentration of Indians in the Bay area, they were drawn into the French and Indian Warand the American Revolution. Because Chief Pontiac had near dictatorial powers over all Indians of southeastern Michigan, it is most likely that any Indian living in the Bay area would have participated in the attack on Detroit.As the result of treaties made between Indians and the Federal Government following the American Revolution and the War of 1812, a large part of the township was set up as a reservation. It extended from Lake St. Clair into the lower tier of sections of Casco Township. There were apparently two
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