SG RD 02 - Psych 1071 - Study Guide 1 Reading Objectives:...

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Psych 1071 - Study Guide 1 Statistics Please use these Reading Objectives to prepare for in-class discussions, quizzes, and  tests. 1. Explain science’s main assumption and describe the goals of the scientific enterprise in  psychology.  2. Explain how theory, hypotheses, and research are related. 3. Outline the steps in a scientific investigation. Discuss the advantages of the scientific  approach. 4. Describe the experimental method, explaining independent and dependent variables,  experimental and control groups, and extraneous variables.  Explain the major  advantages and disadvantages of the experimental method. 5. Discuss three descriptive/correlational research methods: naturalistic observation, case  studies, and surveys.  Explain the major advantages and disadvantages of descriptive/ correlational research. 6. Define statistics.   Enumerate the measures of central tendency, the measures of  variability, the measures of relatedness, and the inferential measures.  Be able to  categorize these different measures as statistics that organize, summarize or interpret. a. Enumerate the descriptive statistics covered in Ch. 2 and App. B. b. How does the purpose of the descriptive statistics differ from that of the  inferential statistics? 7. Describe the normal distribution and its use in psychological testing. 8. Be able to define correlation.  Distinguish between positive and negative correlations.  Explain how the magnitude and direction of a correlation are reflected in scatter  diagrams.  Understand that we can use correlations to predict future behavior, but not  to explain the cause of the behavior (causation).  9. Explain the meaning of statistical significance (refer to Appendix B)  Explain how the  null hypothesis is used in hypothesis testing, and relate it to statistical significance  (refer to Appendix B) 10.Why are experimental replications necessary? 11.When are issues of sample representativeness and sampling bias especially important  in sampling from a population? 12. How does a placebo differ from a placebo effect?  Explain when placebo effects are  likely to be a problem. 13.Describe the typical kinds of distortions that occur in self-report data.
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Psych 1071 - Study Guide 2 14. Describe Rosenthal’s research on experimenter bias.  How can a double-blind  procedure be used to remove the flaw of experimenter bias?  15. Discuss the pros and cons of deception in research with human subjects.  Is deception 
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course PSYCH 1071 taught by Professor Curby during the Spring '08 term at Temple.

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SG RD 02 - Psych 1071 - Study Guide 1 Reading Objectives:...

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