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Unformatted text preview: Psych 1071 Ch. 4 Sensation and Perception - Study Guide 1 I n t r o d u c t io n , p p . 1 1 9 - 1 2 0 1. Know the definitions for sensation and perception. P s y c h o p h y s ic s : B a s ic C o n c e p t s a n d I s s u e s , p p .1 2 0 - 1 2 4 2.Be able to define and give an example of absolute thresholds, the JND, and Webers law.. 3.How does signal-detection theory help us better understand sensation and perception? 4. What is subliminal perception 5. Discuss the meaning and significance of sensory adaptation. V is u a l S e n s a t io n , p p .1 2 4 - 1 3 5 6.Describe the role of the lens, the pupil, and the retina in the visual information processing. 7. Describe the routing of signals from the eye to the brain and the brain's role in visual information processing. 8.Know that the two theories of color vision (the trichromatic theory and the opponent process theory) are incomplete, and today a synthesis of these theories best explains color vision. V is u a l P e r c e p t io n : p p .1 3 5 - 1 4 9 9.What does feature analysis theory suggest about how we recognize forms? (recall Hubel & Weisels research on p. 132). 10. Distinguish between top-down processing and bottom-up processing (Fig. 4.23). 11. Explain the basic premise of Gestalt psychology and describe Gestalt principles of visual perception (Fig. 4.26 covers most of these principles). 12. Know the different perceptual constancies. 13. Be familiar with the 2 binocular cues and the 6 monocular cues of depth perception. 14. Know the definition of the term visual illusion and discuss cultural variations in susceptibility to certain illusions. A p p r e c ia t in g A r t a n d I llu s io n , p p .1 6 2 - 1 6 7 15. Discuss how the art of the Renaissance differs from the art that came before in terms of principles of visual perception. 16. Discuss how the uses of various principles of visual perception characterize Impressionist, Cubist, and Surrealist painting. 17. Discuss how Escher, Vasarely, and Magritte used various principles of visual perception to create the visual illusions that characterize their art. T h e O t h e r S e n s e s : p p .1 3 5 - 1 4 9 18. Hearing (auditory) a. Summarize information on human hearing capacities and describe how sensory processing occurs in the ear. b. Discuss the cues employed in auditory localization. 19. Taste (gustatory): Discuss individual differences in taste sensitivity....
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- Spring '08