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Unformatted text preview: Psych 1071 Ch. 5 Variations in Consciousness - Study Guide 1 I n t r o d u c t io n , p p . 1 7 3 - 1 7 5 1. Define consciousness and discuss the nature of consciousness, 2. What are the evolutionary roots of consciousness? B io lo g ic a l R h y t h m s a n d S le e p , p p . 1 7 5 - 1 7 8 3. Know what biological rhythms and circadian rhythms are and how they differ. 4. Whats the problem with ignoring circadian rhythms? How is melatonin supposed to help people readjust to jetlag and why should you be cautious about self-medicating with melatonin? T h e S le e p a n d W a k in g C y c le , p p . 1 7 8 - 1 8 9 5. The sleep cycle, pp. 178-183 a. Know how EEG, EMG, and EOG are used to study sleep. b. Be able to describe the sleep cycle throughout the night of a normal night of sleep (Fig. 180). c. Compare and contrast REM and NREM sleep. d. Compare and contrast adult and infant (and even fetal) sleep. (refer also to lecture video clip) 6. The nature and need for sleep, pp. 183-184 a. Discuss the neural bases of sleep. b. According to sleep researchers (lecture video clip), why do we sleep? What if we didnt? c. What were the main finding from the chapters Featured Study on the effects of sleep restriction? 7. Practical Issues related to sleep, pp. 184-189 and pp. 206-208 a. Discuss the prevalence, causes, and treatment of insomnia. b. Describe the symptoms of narcolepsy, sleep apnea, night terrors, nightmares, and somnambulism. c. What guidelines are given for maintaining good sleep? (see also lecture) D r e a m s a n d D r e a m in in g , p p . 1 9 0 - 1 9 3 a n d 2 0 8 - 2 0 9 8. The nature of dreams: What are they and why do we have them (refer also to lecture video clip)...
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- Spring '08