March 25 - Transportation Roots Prison hulks Gambia River...

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Transportation Roots Prison hulks Gambia River Plan Choice of Austrlia Voyage out Crimes and convicts Labouring in Australia Punishment Political prisoners Opposition to transportation Roots of Transportation Banishment/exile Elizabeth I: 1597 vagrancy act 1715: banishment to New World Bloody Code Transportation: alternative to death penalty American Colonies: convicts shipped by contractors - £5/convict Sale of convict labour By 1770: 1,000 convicts/year to America War of Independence 1775: end to transportation Alternative: Prison Hulks Embarrassment to gov’t Disused naval vessels: floating jails Prison labour Conditions Calls for new method Gambia River Plan West Africa Lord of the Flies? Own society Est. own gov’t structures Britain: no hand in running it Climate issue Transportation to Australia 1788: Botany Bay New South Wales
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1788 – 1868: 187,000 convicts Most after 1815 1840: transportation ceases to NSW; continues to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) Why Australia Voyage Contractors Charters on tender system – problematic Men under 50 yrs old: sentenced to life or 14 years Women: under 45: regardless of sentence length Medical regulations On board punishments: former slave ships
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course HIST 287 taught by Professor Pole during the Winter '08 term at Windsor.

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March 25 - Transportation Roots Prison hulks Gambia River...

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