April 1 - April 1 2008 Punishment and Rise of the Penitentiary Public forms of punishment Robert-Francois Damiens(1757 Shift to prisons Church

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April 1, 2008 Punishment and Rise of the Penitentiary Public forms of punishment Robert-Francois Damiens (1757) Shift to prisons Church roots Bridewell John Howard and prison reform Jeremy Bentham and the panopticon Michel Foucault: discipline and punish Public punishment: brutal and focused on the body Enlightenment: emphasis on reason Shift: punish the soul/mind rather than the body Public forms of punishment Whipping - usually for petty larceny - whipped in street carried walking behind cart - public whipping ended for women: 1817; men: 1830 Branding - dehumanizing and public humiliation - Form of criminal record keeping? - England: “F” for felon; “M” for murder - England: ceased in 1789 - Immediately after sentencing Pillory - Used for notorious crimes: sodomy; seditious words; perjury - Pillory in street for public viewing - Offender often pelted with rotten vegetables - Could backfire: political offences: crowd throws flowers and collects money - 1816: restricted to perjury - 1837: abolished - Also used “the stocks” which were easier because they required no supervision o Held the person in place and locked them there and the person would be subjected to humiliation for many hours at a time. Capital Punishment - Public spectacle - Decapitation: honourable - Hanging: dishonourable - Ceremony & theatre - Deterrence: gallows field – somewhere highly visible and person placed there to rot after death; humiliation of body not being buried in the ground
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- Decapitation would take less time and be less painful than hanging; the guillotine
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course HIST 287 taught by Professor Pole during the Winter '08 term at Windsor.

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April 1 - April 1 2008 Punishment and Rise of the Penitentiary Public forms of punishment Robert-Francois Damiens(1757 Shift to prisons Church

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