Session_4_-_Cht_1R-1 - Ethics and Business Sessions 4...

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1 Velasquerz, M.G. cited in Heller, V.L. (2006 Velasquerz, M.G. cited in Heller, V.L. (2006 Ethics and Business Ethics and Business Sessions 4 – Chapter 1 Business Ethics Concepts and Cases, 6 th ed. By Manuel G. Velasquez Quoted or paraphrased Richard Trevisan
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Velasquerz, M.G. cited in Heller, V.L. (20 Velasquerz, M.G. cited in Heller, V.L. (20 2 Session 4 Session 4 Learning Objectives Learning Objectives Discuss whether moral standards can be applied to business. Under what conditions and when can a person be morally responsible for doing wrong. Discuss the six basic stages of moral development.
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Velasquerz, M.G. cited in Heller, V.L. (20 Velasquerz, M.G. cited in Heller, V.L. (20 3 Ethical Relativism Ethical Relativism Ethical relativism, what is it? Because different societies have different cultures there is no way of determining if an act is moral or immoral without asking the people of the society if they believe it to be right or wrong. Multiplicity of codes demonstrates that there is not one right answer to an ethical question. “When in Rome, do as the Romans do” Do the Saudi case.
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Velasquerz, M.G. cited in Heller, V.L. (20 Velasquerz, M.G. cited in Heller, V.L. (20 4 Ethical Relativism Ethical Relativism However, critics of this thought argue that it is illogical to assume that because there is more than one answer to an ethical question, that both answers are equally correct, or in fact, either answer is correct.
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http://www.bradpriddy.com/rachels/obitu http://www.bradpriddy.com/rachels/obitu 5 Ethical Relativism Ethical Relativism The late Philosopher James Rachels (1941 – 2003)
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http://www.bradpriddy.com/rachels/obitu http://www.bradpriddy.com/rachels/obitu 6 Ethical Relativism Ethical Relativism [James Rachels criticized relativism by saying that] “the fact that different societies have different moral codes proves nothing… Disagreement in ethics might signal nothing more than that some people are less enlightened than others. At the very least, the fact of disagreement does not, by itself, entail that truth does not exist.”
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Velasquerz, M.G. cited in Heller, V.L. (20 Velasquerz, M.G. cited in Heller, V.L. (20 7 Ethical Relativism Ethical Relativism Critics hold that the theory points out confusing or illogical consequences. For example it would be impossible to criticize Nazi Germany for the Holocaust or pre-Civil War Virginia for slavery. Therefore, we should not conclude that all systems of morality are equally acceptable.
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Velasquerz, M.G. cited in Heller, V.L. (20 Velasquerz, M.G. cited in Heller, V.L. (20 8 New Technologies New Technologies New technologies bring potentially new ethical problems. They bring questions of risk which may be unpredictable or irreversible.
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