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Study Guide Test 2

Study Guide Test 2 - Lithography is a method for printing...

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Lithography is a method for printing on a smooth surface. Invented by Bavarian author Alois Senefelder in 1796, [1] [2] it can be used to print text or artwork onto paper or another suitable material. Benjamin Franklin ( January 17 , 1706 [ O.S. January 6 , 1706 ] April 17 , 1790 ) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America . A noted polymath , Franklin was a leading author and printer , satirist , political theorist , politician , scientist , inventor , civic activist , statesman and diplomat . As a scientist he was a major figure in the Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity . Paul Revere (bap. December 22 , 1734 ( OS ) / January 1 , 1735 (NS) – May 10 , 1818 ) was an American silversmith and a patriot in the American Revolution . Steel engraving , is a commercial engraving technique for printing illustrations , based on steel instead of copper. It has been rarely used in artistic printmaking , although was much used for reproductions in the 19th century. Steel engraving was introduced in 1792 by Jacob Perkins (1766-1849), an American Inventor, for the use of banknote printing. When Perkins moved to London in 1818, the technique in 1820 became adapted by Charles Warren and especially by Charles Heath ( 1785 - 1848 ) for Thomas Campbell 's Pleasures of Hope with the first published plates engraved on steel. The new technique only partially replaced the other commercial techniques of that time as woodcut , wood engraving , and later lithography . All the illustrations of the Encyclopedia Britannica of 1911 are steel engravings. Manifest Destiny was the belief that the United States was destined to expand from the Atlantic seaboard to the Pacific Ocean ; it has also been used to advocate for or justify other territorial acquisitions. Advocates of Manifest Destiny believed that expansion was not only good, but that it was obvious ("manifest") and certain (" destiny "). Originally a political catch phrase of the 19th century, "Manifest Destiny" eventually became a standard historical term, often used as a synonym for the expansion of the United States across the North American continent. Boosterism is the act of "boosting," or promoting, one's town, city, or organization, with the goal of improving public perception of it. Boosting can be as simple as "talking up" the entity at a party or as elaborate as establishing a visitors' bureau. It is somewhat associated with American small towns . Boosting is also done in political settings, especially in regard to disputed policies or controversial events. The term has, in general, a negative connotation. Elias Boudinot : Founded the Cherokee Phoenix and he tried to Christianize the Cherokee Indians and created separate settlements for them from the whites. Jane Grey Cannon Swisshelm ( December 6 , 1815 July 22 , 1884 ) was an American journalist , abolitionist , and women's rights advocate. During this time she began writing
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articles against capital punishment and stories, poems, and articles for an anti-slavery newspaper and others in Pittsburgh. When that paper went out of business, Swisshem founded her own called
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