2301RelRelExperience - Phases of the Age of Enlightenment...

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Phases of the Age of Enlightenment (as it relates to religion) 1. “God of the Philosophers” (17 th century) 2. Philosophy without God (18 th and 19 th centuries) 3. Philosophy of Religion (19 th and 20 th centuries) The Modern and PreModern Consciousness Compared Note: “Enlightenment” = “Modernity” PreModern Modern Person-in-community Person as an individual (Individualism) Reason w/in faith-context Autonomy of individual reason Membership in religion assumed Membership in religion voluntary Established churches Separation of church and state Religions are concrete, particular “Religion” as universal, abstract notion Right one matters All share common essence The modern consciousness , which both created the Philosophy of Religion and is shaped by the Philosophy of Religion, thinks that there is such a thing as “religion” (“in general”), the essence of which is expressed by the various religions. What is
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2301RelRelExperience - Phases of the Age of Enlightenment...

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