Final - WHAT ARE THE RAMIFICATIONS OF PROPOSED SOLUTIONS TO BEE COLONY COLLAPSE DISORDER Colony Collapse Disorder is terrorizing honeybee colonies

Final - WHAT ARE THE RAMIFICATIONS OF PROPOSED SOLUTIONS TO...

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WHAT ARE THE RAMIFICATIONS OF PROPOSED SOLUTIONS TO BEE COLONY COLLAPSE DISORDER?
Colony Collapse Disorder is terrorizing honeybee colonies around the world. Colony Collapse Disorder, or CCD, is characterized by sudden colony death, with a lack of healthy adult bees inside the hive. A specific cause of CCD is not currently known; instead, researchers suspect that multiple factors are involved. Bees leave the hive to find nectar, and many never return, which is highly uncharacteristic of normal bee behavior and differs from usual colony losses.1This indicates that CCD interferes with the navigational behavior of affected bees. Those bees that do return are often sick or weak, and many of them die shortly thereafter. In some cases, the queen and a small number of workers survive the collapse, but the colony is too small to support a functional hive.2CCD is becoming a more prominent issue in the eyes of beekeepers due to increasing hive and bee losses. From 2006 to 2011, California’s honey production fell by nearly half; the drought in the state likely contributed, as fewer available flowers would decrease honey production, but CCD is also to blame.3Beekeepers, in the U.S and Europe have reported annual hive losses of thirty percent of higher.4While bees die from other, unrelated factors, these loss rates far exceed standard losses sustained from these other, relatively consistent environmental causes. The intent of this research is to evaluate possible solutions to the rising issue of Colony Collapse disorder. The ambiguity in this research question includes the independent variable’s effect on the dependent variable. The independent variables would be the neonicotinoids, diseases, Varroa and Tracheal mites, and the rapid destruction of healthy habitats. In this situation, the dependent variable is the bee population. These factors are investigated by different studies of CCD. Researchers, such as 1Johnson, Renee, ”Honey Bee Colony Collapse Disorder,” January 7, 2010, 2Hood, Mike, “Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD),” May 27, 2015, -collapse-disorder3Hagopian, Joachim, “Death and Extinction of the Bees,” November 01, 2015, 4Grossman, Elizabeth, “Declining Bee Populations Pose a Threat to Global Agriculture,” April 30, 2013,
Noah Wilson, are attempting to save bees with a variety of techniques, without a full understanding of the disease. This includes oral vaccines to increase immune strength, gene therapy, and legislation to ban harmful, and potentially responsible, chemicals. Bees are critically important to sustaining our agricultural production and our growing world population. Although other insects and animals pollinate certain plants, of the one hundred crops that feed ninety percent of the world, bees are responsible for seventy.5Albert Einstein believed that the

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