exam 2 review

exam 2 review - Chapter 7 Bicameral legislature: a...

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Chapter 7 Bicameral legislature: a legislature divided into two houses. The us congress and the state legislatures are bicameral except Nebraska which is unicameral. Redistricting: the redrawing of congressional districts to reflect increases or decreases in seats allotted to the states, as well as population shifts within a state Bill: a proposed law Impeachment: the power delegated to the house of representatives in the constitution to charge the president, vice president or other “civil officers” including federal judges, with “Treasons, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. Casework: The process of solving constituents’ problems dealing with bureaucracy Incumbency factor: the fact that being in office helps a person stay in office because of a variety of benefits that go with the position. Term limits: restrictions that exist in some states about how long an individual may serve in state and or local elected offices. Trustee: role played by elected representatives who listen to constituents opinions and then use their best judgments to make final decisions. Delegate: role played by elected representatives who vote the way their constituents would want them to, regardless of their own opinions. Politico: role played by elected representatives who act as trustees or as delegates depending on the issue. Speaker of the house: the only officer of the house of representatives specifically mentioned in the constitution, elected at the beginning of each new congress by the entire house. Majority party: the political party in each house of congress with the most members Minority party: the political party in each house of congress with the second most members Party caucus or conference: a formal gathering of all party members Majority leader: the elected leader of the party controlling the most seats in the house of representatives or the senate, is the second in authority to the speaker of the house and in the senate is regarded as its most powerful member Minority leader: the elected leader of the party with the second highest number of elected reps in the house of reps or the senate Whip: one of several reps who keep close contact with all members and take “nose counts, on key votes, prepare summaries of bills, and in general act as communications links within the party. Standing committee: committee to which proposed bills are referred Conference committee: joint committee created to iron out differences between senate and house versions of a specific piece of legislation. Discharge petition: petition that gives a majority of the house of reps the authority to bring an issue to the floor in the face of committee inaction Pork barrel: legislation that allows reps to “bring home the bacon” to their districts in the form of public works programs, military bases, or other programs designed to benefit their districts directly Hold: a tactic by which a senator asks to be informed before a particular bill is brought to the floor. This stops the bill from
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course FP 130 taught by Professor Ernst during the Fall '04 term at Naval Academy.

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exam 2 review - Chapter 7 Bicameral legislature: a...

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