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recent notes - Chapter 12 What is a political party Chapter...

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Chapter 12- What is a political party Political Party- A group of office holders, candidates, activists, and voters who identify with a group label and seek to elect to public office individuals who run under that label. Governmental party- the office holders and candidates who run under a political party’s banner. Organizational Party- The workers and activists who staff the party’s formal organization. Party in the electorate- The voters who consider themselves allied or associated with the party. Machine- A party organization that recruits its members with tangible incentives and s characterized by a high degree of control over member activity. Direct Primary- The selection of party candidates through the ballots of qualified voters rather than at party nomination conventions. Civil Service Laws- These acts removed the staffing of bureaucracy from political parties and created a professional bureaucracy filled through competition. Patronage- Jobs, grants, or other special favors that are given as rewards to friends and political allies for their support. Spoils System- The firing of public-office holders of a defeated political party and their replacement with loyalists of the newly elected party. Issue-oriented politics- Politics that focuses on specific issues rather than on party, candidate, or other loyalties. Political Consultant- Professional who manages campaigns and political advertisements for political advertisements for political candidates. Coalition- A group of interests or organizations that join forces for the purpose of electing public officials. National Party Platform- A statement of the general and specific philosophy and policy goals of a political party, usually promulgated at the national convention. National Convention- A party conclave (meeting) held in the presidential election year for the purposes of nominating a presidential and vice presidential ticket and adopting a platform. Cottail Effect- The tendency of lesser-known or weaker
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recent notes - Chapter 12 What is a political party Chapter...

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