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Running Head: SENSATION AND PERCEPTION 1Sensation and PerceptionName:Institution:
SENSATION AND PERCEPTION 2Sensation and perceptionAs processes, perception and sensation are intertwined and are developed throughout the lifespan of an individual. Despite the fact that these processes exhibit a closer relationship, they possess discrete attributes. Sensation refers to the process that stimulates the sensory receptor resulting in the production of nerve impulses that goes to the brain. The brain in turn interprets these nerve impulses as pain, touch, odor, taste, or sound (Kiefer &Pulvermuller, 2012). Perception on the other hand, refers to the organization of data obtained from the natural impulses by the brain. After organizing this information, the brain commences the process of interpretation and translation. Perception is considered a crucial process because it helps individuals in making sense and rationalizing information connected to physical stimulus (Howes et al., 2014). Through perception, the processed information is given meaning in the form of memories or emotions. Therefore, the paper analyzes the role of these two concepts in psychology as well the theories or concepts related to them.Relationship and Differences between Perception and SensationPerception and sensation are components that complement and balance one another. In collaboration, they help people create and identify meaning from the information conveyed from various stimuli. However, the two concepts significantly differ from each other in regards to howthey process information. The physical stimulus in conjunction with its physical attributes in sensation is recorded by sensory organs. The organs consequently decode the registered information and convert it into signals or neural impulses (Howes et al., 2014). The signal or impulses are then transported to the brain sensory cortices. Perception comes after sensation. After being transmitted to the brain, the nerve impulse or the signal is subjected to a series of
SENSATION AND PERCEPTION 3interpretation, translation, and organization. It is only after perception is completed that an individual can make sense from the sensations. For example, experiencing coldness is distinct from forecasting that winter is on the way. Therefore, sensation according to psychologists is a significant aspect of bottom-up processing. Ideally, sensation results when information is transmitted by sensory organs to the brain. Conversely, perception is considered an essential aspect of the top-down processing. As such, it results when sensory information is interpreted by the brain and corresponding signals are transmitted to sensory organs for reaction to the environmental stimuli.Detailed Analysis of SensationAs previously discussed, sensation refers to the process through which people’s senses collect information and transmits them to the brain. Example of information that is often sensed includes smell of spray or perfumes, the sound of a distant train, people conversing, lights