vugia-emerging - Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious...

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Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases 2003 Duc J. Vugia, M.D., M.P.H. Chief, Infectious Diseases Branch Division of Communicable Disease Control California Department of Health Services
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WNV
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Monkeypox from Prairie Dogs
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Are infectious diseases emerging more recently than before?
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Infectious Disease Mortality in the United States, 1980-1996 Source: JAMA 1996;275:189-193 and unpublished CDC data 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 Year Deaths per 100,000 population Crude ID Mortality Rate CDC
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Emerging Infections in the World and US since 1973 1973 Rotavirus Enteritis/Diarrhea 1976 Cryptosporidium Enteritis/Diarrhea 1977 Ebola virus VHF 1977 Legionella Legionnaire’s dz 1977 Hantaan virus VHF w/ renal flr 1977 Campylobacter Enteritis/Diarrhea 1980 HTLV-1 Lymphoma 1981 Toxin prod. S.aureus Toxic Shock Synd. 1982 E.coli 0157:H7 HUS 1982 HTLV-II Leukemia 1982 Borrelia burgdorferi Lyme disease
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Emerging Infections in the World and US since 1973 1983 HIV AIDS 1983 Helicobacter pylori Peptic ulcer dz 1988 Hepatitis E Hepatitis 1989 Hepatitis C Hepatitis 1990 Guanarito virus VHF 1991 Encephalitozoon Disseminated dz 1992 Vibrio cholerae O139 Cholera 1992 Bartonella henselae Cat scratch dz
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Emerging Infections in the World and US since 1973 1993 Sin Nombre virus Hanta Pulm. Synd. 1994 Sabia virus VHF 1994 Hendra virus Respiratory dz 1995 Hepatitis G Hepatitis 1995 H Herpesvirus-8 Kaposi sarcoma 1996 vCJD prion Variant CJD 1997 Avian influenza (H5N1) Influenza 1999 Nipah virus Encephalitis 1999 West Nile virus Encephalitis 2001 BT Bacillus anthracis Anthrax 2003 Monkeypox Pox 2003 SARS-CoV SARS
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Institute of Medicine 1992 Report on Emerging Infections Defined emerging infections as: “New, reemerging or drug-resistant
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