Exam1_F03 - NAME SECTION PLS 200 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL...

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NAME:___________________________ SECTION: ___________________________ PLS 200 Prof. Charles W. Ostrom, Jr. INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL SCIENCE 1 October 2003 Study Guide for Exam #1 1. Enlightenment a. Identify two major ideas stemming from the Enlightenment. b. Discuss how the ideas are consistent with the Behavioral approach to political science. 2. Identify three assumptions implicit in the cause and effect assumption. 3. Identify the four desiderata for a science of politics. 4. Scientific Method a. Identify the basic steps – in temporal order – of the scientific method. b. What are the supposed advantages of following the scientific method? 5. Realism and relativism. a. To what aspects of the scientific method do realism and relativism refer? b. Provide a short characterization of realism. c. Provide a short characterization of relativism. d. What are the primary differences between the two? e. How are the two related to the Behavioral and Post-Behavioral approaches to political science? 5. Paradigm a. Provide a short definition of a paradigm. b. What is normal science? c. What does it mean to say that two paradigms are incommensurable? d. What does a paradigm provide a discipline such as political science? 6. According to Herbert Simon, a. Provide a definition of complexity b. How did complexity arise? c. What are the primary characteristics of complex systems? d. How do the characteristics make a science of politics possible? 7. Ockham’s Razor a. What is Ockham’s Razor? b. How is it tied to Simon’s idea of complexity?
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