Lec06_F03_out - CLASS#6 OBSERVATION AND ITS ROLE IN SCIENCE I A Characterizations of the Scientific Method A Basic Steps 1 Observe some aspect of

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CLASS #6: OBSERVATION AND ITS ROLE IN SCIENCE I. A Characterizations of the Scientific Method A. Basic Steps 1. Observe some aspect of the universe. 2. Invent a tentative description, called a hypothesis, which is consistent with what you have observed. 3. Use the hypothesis to make predictions. 4. Test those predictions by experiments or further observations and modify the hypothesis in the light of your results. 5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until there are no discrepancies between theory and experiment and/or observation. B. Is this “equation” a characterization of science? II. A Visit to the Phenomenological Garden A. Philosophers use the term phenomenology to cover all items that inhabit our conscious experience— 1. We can use the term to refer to all those things in experience that we want to explain 2. We believe that there is a real world “out there” – we accept, and presuppose, that a single, unique, physical world exists independently of observers. 3. By real world, we mean physical world a. We cannot see whatever we want to see b. Under a wide variety of circumstances, what we see in various situations remains stable. Hence, when a number of observers look at a picture, a physical object, there is a sense in which they “see” the same thing. c. It does not follow, however, that they have the same perceptual experiences. B. User Illusion
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course PLS 200 taught by Professor Idk during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Lec06_F03_out - CLASS#6 OBSERVATION AND ITS ROLE IN SCIENCE I A Characterizations of the Scientific Method A Basic Steps 1 Observe some aspect of

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